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[行业报告] Grain: World Markets and Trade-201908 进入全文

USDA

Corn exports in Ukraine are projected at 30.0 million tons in 2019/20 on another record crop, exceeding the record of 29.5 million tons estimated for 2018/19. Ukraine has become an export-focused producer because domestic use of corn is somewhat limited. As production has tripled over the last decade, the percentage of its crop being exported has crested beyond 80 percent in the current year and is expected to remain high in the coming year. Ukraine’s geographic proximity to the European Union (EU) and the Middle East and favorable trade relations with China have made these markets principal destinations for corn exports. Ukraine also has advantages in these markets due to their preference for non-biotech corn. Growth in corn production and exports has corresponded with a decline in other coarse grains alongside improvements to export capacity. The 2019/20 crops for rye and oats are projected to be the smallest and second-smallest, respectively, in Ukraine’s history. Barley has seen more fluctuations in production, but it has not seen the level of growth evident in corn. The world’s importers have benefited from this shift, as a glut of supplies in export-driven Ukraine has resulted in competitively-priced corn. The European Union in particular has been a beneficiary, as large purchases of Ukrainian corn finally propelled it to become the world’s biggest importer in 2017/18 and is projected to retain this title through 2019/20. Favorable reports of crop prospects have had a sharp effect on Black Sea-origin corn prices; please refer to the Coarse Grains section of this circular for the price graph. Though 2019/20 EU wheat and barley crops are projected to recover relative to a year ago, it remains to be seen how much European buyers can resist the temptation of plentiful, inexpensive Ukrainian corn in the coming year.

[前沿资讯] It’ll be hard, but we can feed the world with plant protein 进入全文

the conversation

Can we feed a growing global population without increasing the amount of farmland? It’s tough, but certainly possible. There might still be a place for meat animals in the many parts of the world unsuitable for growing crops. But governments around the world must turn away from heavily subsided but protein-poor cereals, and aggressively pursue legume production.

[前沿资讯] Australia urgently needs real sustainable agriculture policy 进入全文

the conversation

Australia has made a global commitment to “sustainable agriculture”, an endeavour seen as increasingly crucial to ending world poverty, halting biodiversity loss, and combating climate change. A recent report from the UN found land use – including food production – is responsible for around one-third of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. Unfortunately, Australia has something of a sustainable agriculture policy vacuum, after years of a fragmented, stop-start approach.

[学术文献] Food deserts and diet-related health outcomes of the elderly 进入全文

Food Policy

It is hypothesized that residents of neighborhoods with limited access to affordable and nutritious food face greater barriers to eating a healthy diet, which may in turn, result in worse health outcomes for them. Low-income elderly in urban areas may be uniquely affected by these so-called “food deserts” due to limited transportation options, strong attachments to local neighborhoods, fixed incomes, physical limitations in food shopping and meal preparation, and chronic health problems. Using the 2006, 2010, and 2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), the association between the food environment of elderly individuals living in urban Census tracts and their diet-related health was examined. Within urban areas, we find little evidence that food deserts negatively impact the health of lower income elderly individuals. Policies to address the needs of elderly residents of food deserts should be narrowly targeted and carefully justified.

[学术文献] Assessing the contribution of artisanal fisheries to food security: A bio-economic modeling approach 进入全文

Food Policy

Artisanal fisheries are an important food source in many developing regions. Quantitative bio-economic models are needed that comprehensively assess artisanal fisheries’ contribution to food security. Our model combines standard resource economics theory with the literature on food systems. It explains impacts of environmental variations and market development on output, prices and ultimately food security. The application to the Senegalese purse-seine fishery reveals that total sector rents account for 2% of per capita yearly food expenditures for the coastal inhabitants. We examine the relative importance of main drivers and the vulnerability of different regions. Market development plays a crucial role: The resource is of far greater relevance for remote regions.

[前沿资讯] Organic food health benefits have been hard to assess, but that could change 进入全文

the conversation

“Organic” is more than just a passing fad. Organic food sales totaled a record US$45.2 billion in 2017, making it one of the fastest-growing segments of American agriculture. While a small number of studies have shown associations between organic food consumption and decreased incidence of disease, no studies to date have been designed to answer the question of whether organic food consumption causes an improvement in health. I' m an environmental health scientist who has spent over 20 years studying pesticide exposures in human populations. Last month, my research group published a small study that I believe suggests a path forward to answering the question of whether eating organic food actually improves health.

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