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[学术文献] The effect of policy leveraging climate change adaptive capacity in agriculture 进入全文

European Review of Agricultural Economics

Agricultural adaptation to climate change is indispensable. However, the degree of adaptation depends on adaptive capacity levels and it only takes place if the appropriate resources are present. Cross-sectional climate response models ignore this requirement. This paper adapts the Ricardian method to control for a generic territorial adaptive capacity index. The results for a sample of over 60.000 European farms show a significant non-linear positive relationship between adaptive capacity and climate responsiveness and that some regions in Europe can increase their climate responsiveness significantly. This confirms that improvement of adaptive capacity is an important policy tool to enhance adaptation.

[前沿资讯] 美国农业部长珀杜支持碳定价 进入全文

FT中文网

唐纳德•特朗普(Donald Trump)内阁的一名成员与许多其他共和党人分道扬镳,支持为二氧化碳定价。这项气候变化政策获得许多经济学家的支持,但被特朗普政府回避。美国农业部长桑尼•珀杜(Sonny Perdue)周四公布了农业行业的环境目标,其中包括将更多吸收热量的二氧化碳锁定在土壤中。当被问及碳价格时,他表示,“合法的、可衡量的碳交易”可以通过鼓励农民创新来刺激所谓的碳汇。“如果这是一个社会目标和社会优先事项,那么,我们就给碳排放定个价,”珀杜告诉记者,“我认为,你可以真的看到农民为实现碳汇所作的努力。”

[前沿资讯] China set to clamp down permanently on wildlife trade in wake of coronavirus 进入全文

nature

China’s top law-making body is expected to permanently tighten rules on trading wildlife in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak, which is thought to have originated in a wild-animal market in Wuhan. Scientists speculate that this could include a ban on eating some wild meat. Last month, the national government temporarily suspended the buying and selling of wild-animal products, which are commonly used for food, fur and in traditional medicines in China. But the emergency measure will be lifted once the outbreak ends. Next Monday, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, the country’s highest decision-making body, will meet to decide how the trade in wildlife products should be regulated in the long term.

[学术文献] Are futures prices good price forecasts? Underestimation of price reversion in the soybean complex 进入全文

European Review of Agricultural Economics

Using quantile regression, we evaluate the forecasting performance of futures prices in the soybean complex. The procedure provides a more complete picture of the distribution of forecasts than mainstream methods that only focus on central tendency measures. Forecast performance differs by location in the futures price distribution. Futures forecast perform well in the centre of the distribution. However, futures prices tend to over-forecast when futures prices are high and under-forecast when futures prices are low, suggesting that futures prices tend to under-estimate price reversion towards the centre of the distribution. Forecast errors are larger when futures prices are high. The findings are related to theories in the literature used to explain pricing bias, and their implications for market participants are discussed.

[学术文献] Rationalising inefficiency in agricultural production – the case of Swedish dairy agriculture 进入全文

European Review of Agricultural Economics

Inefficiency in agricultural production is generally interpreted as waste in the use of production factors. We challenge this by (i) providing an explanation for why apparent inefficiency may result, at least partly, from rational production decisions by farmers and (ii) testing this rational inefficiency hypothesis empirically. Based on multidirectional efficiency analysis of production data from 2013 for 421 Swedish dairy farms and statistical analyses of the inefficiency patterns, we provide support for the existence of rational inefficiency. These findings have clear implications for policy schemes aiming at pushing farms towards the efficient production frontier.

[学术文献] Rural cooperatives in the digital age: An analysis of the Internet presence and degree of maturity of agri-food cooperatives' e-commerce 进入全文

Journal of Rural Studies

This article summarizes the activities performed by the Network for Capacity Development in Nutrition in Central and Eastern Europe and Balkan countries (NCDNCEE) in the past decade. The article gives a retrospective of the achievements and challenges in building capacity in nutrition research. Recognizing the lack of capacity and incoherent nutritional situation in CEE/BC, the United Nations University (UNU), Food & Nutrition Programme and the UN Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN) encouraged the formation of NCDNCEE in 2005, which became CAPNUTRA in 2012. The network’s aim was to initiate and support tailor-made activities for capacity development in food & nutrition in research and training in CEE/BC. To identify the challenges and needs of nutrition research in the region, the network performed inventories on existence of food composition databases, food systems elements, dietary surveys, micronutrient recommendations, application of dietary assessment methods and grey literature. Further on, the network focused on the development of food composition databases and concomitant data management software, the Diet Assess & Plan platform for food consumption collection, dietary intake assessment and nutrition planning. These and other elements form the Balkan Food Platform, which underpins harmonized nutrition research in CEE/BC. Among key actions promoted by the platform are EFSA-supported dietary surveys conducted in four Balkan countries, on children and adults, in which food consumption data are collected and analysed in a harmonized way. Cooperation with FAO and active participation in international research projects enhanced the exchange of information and knowledge and brought international recognition to the CAPNUTRA network.

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