The Korean food market has been significantly impacted by the on-going COVID-19 virus outbreak as consumers since the first local infection reported on January 20, 2020. Restaurant sales have dropped, while home food deliveries have increased.
Analysts predict that the current severe drought in Thailand will cause losses in agricultural production estimated at approximately 26 billion Thai Baht (U.S. $840 million), mainly due to reduced MY2019/20 off-season rice production. The drought is also expected to affect off-season field crops, fruit trees, and freshwater fish farming production but to a much lesser degree than for rice.
At Budget 2018, government announced that from April 2022 it would introduce a world-leading new tax on the production and import of plastic packaging with less than 30% recycled content, subject to consultation. Plastic packaging accounts for 44% of plastic used in the UK , but 67% of plastic waste, and over 2 million tonnes of plastic packaging is used each year. The vast majority of this is made from new, rather than recycled plastic. The government’s call for evidence last year, which received a record 162,000 responses, highlighted that recycled plastic using is often more expensive than using new plastic, despite its lower environmental impacts. The government wants to shift the economic incentives involved in the production of more sustainable plastic packaging, encouraging greater use of recycled plastic and helping to reduce plastic waste. This complements the government’s proposals for reformed Packaging Producer Responsibility regulations. The consultation outlines the government’s proposal for how the tax will work and contains a number of questions relating to this. For example, which packaging should be in scope of the tax, how to assess recycled content, and which businesses will be liable for the tax. The government is open to views on the best design options. Alongside the standard consultation, the government has included a condensed version for stakeholders who would prefer to provide views on only the high-level principles of the tax. The government would prefer stakeholders with industry or environmental experience to respond to the standard version.
The Briefing Note Series aims to provide at-a-glance information of key ICTD issues for policymakers, and facilitate their understanding of the potential of ICT when formulating national development policies and programmes. The most recent Briefing Note focuses on policy considerations drawn from the "Realizing Data-Driven Governance" Academy module. Using data to enhance governance and government decision-making is not a new goal. The history of statistics is closely tied with the emergence of the modernizing 19th century state. What make the present situation different is that the data revolution has made the ideal more achievable. Key Topics include: • Data revolution and data justice • Data and governance • A world awash in data • Data governance and data management • Data analytics, bias and intuition • Enabling environment for data-driven governance • Institutionalizing Data Governance • Heightening public access and confidence • Gearing up for big data • Data culture in the public sector
[行业报告] Full deployment of agricultural machinery data-sharing: technical challenges & solutions 进入全文
A key element to reach the full potential of digital farming is easy, protected, automated data sharing. This data sharing is realised by allowing automatic communication between digital platforms. This document explains how the agricultural machinery industry is planning to tackle all remaining technical hurdles whilst staying in line with the Code of conduct on data sharing by contractual agreement. It starts with the general principle of restricting the data sharing to workable sets of value data only. The necessary filtering and classification happens to the maximum extent already at machine and machine cloud level. The OEM cloud must be the first access point for retrieving the data and not the machine level. It ensures the safety and security at machine level without tampering with the data rights of the farmer. The number of data formats must be restricted so they can be used by all platforms. A maximum of innovation freedom should be retained at data platform level. Therefore the data sharing and cloud2cloud communication is realised through standardised Application Program Interfaces APIs. It allows a full system of systems approach where a farmer can get all information and all services in one central point – his preferred farm management and farm information management system. Standardised data access and secured data flow, by means of certification, should significantly increase the level of trust of farmers and cloud manufacturers for data sharing. And a dedicated agricultural data governance scheme will allow sharing of different types of data, e.g. highly protected data to farmers only, certified data for proof of compliance and open data for a general public, if the farmer agrees to do so. Allowing also data transfer between systems by automatic consent, rather than between persons, will in future reduce the burden for users even further. With these developments the full data potential can be exploited for a profitable sustainable agriculture.
The Briefing Note Series aims to provide at-a-glance information of key ICTD issues for policymakers, and facilitate their understanding of the potential of ICT when formulating national development policies and programmes. This Briefing Note examines the linkage between ICTs and sustainable development, and the practice of ICT for development (ICTD), which focuses on the meaningful application of ICTs—particularly computer, web-based, mobile and other digital technologies—to achieve the sustainable development goals of countries in Asia and the Pacific. Key Topics include: • The Big Picture • The ICT Scenario • Application of ICTs for Sustainable Development • ICTs, Sustainable Development and National Development Policy and Planning • Key Issues in the Use of ICTs for Development