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[前沿资讯] 中国与乌兹别克斯坦贸易额同比增长35.2% 进入全文

中国一带一路网

根据乌兹别克斯坦国家统计委员会最新公布的数据,2018年乌中双边贸易额约为64.28亿美元,同比增长35.2%,占乌外贸总额的19%,中国继续保持乌第一大贸易伙伴国地位。其中,中国自乌进口28.69亿美元,对乌出口35.59亿美元,占乌出口和进口总额比重分别达20.1%和18.2%,为乌第一大出口目的地国和第一大进口来源国。

[前沿资讯] 2018年我与非洲贸易额2041.9亿美元 同比增长19.7% 进入全文

中国一带一路网

据中国海关统计,2018年,我与非洲进出口总额2041.9亿美元,同比增长19.7%,超出我同期外贸总体增幅7.1个百分点。其中,我对非出口1049.1亿美元,增长10.8%,自非进口992.8亿美元,增长30.8%;顺差56.3亿美元,同比降低70.0%。12月份当月,我与非洲进出口总额182.7亿美元,同比增长15.5%,环比增长2.1%。其中,我对非出口95.5亿美元,同比增长3.9%,环比增长3.0%;自非进口87.2亿美元,同比增长33.7%,环比增长2.2%;贸易顺差8.4亿美元,同比降低68.7%,环比增长13.5%。

[前沿资讯] 泰国“东部经济走廊”促进产业升级 中企投资已达到600亿泰铢 进入全文

中国一带一路网

“泰国正在全力推进三大机场连接高铁、乌塔堡机场、廉差邦港口三期、航空维修中心、东部航空城五大基础设施项目建设,随着‘东部经济走廊’五大基础设施投资落地,今年泰国将实现5%的经济增长。”泰国“东部经济走廊”发展政策委员会秘书长卡尼近日表示,“东部经济走廊”投资将成为泰国经济未来较长一段时间的驱动引擎。“东部经济走廊”指泰国在东部沿海的差春骚、春武里和罗勇三府设立的经济特区,通过大力发展基础设施建设及实行一系列投资优惠政策吸引高附加值产业到此落户,是泰国正在实施的“泰国4.0战略”旗舰项目。

[前沿资讯] 2018年中国继续保持乌第一大贸易伙伴国地位 进入全文

中国一带一路网

乌兹别克斯坦“详情”网22日消息,根据乌国家统计委员会公布的数据,2018年,乌中贸易额约64.28亿美元,同比增长35.2%,占乌外贸总额的19%,中国继续保持乌第一大贸易伙伴国地位。其中,中方进口28.69亿美元,占乌出口总额的20.1%;中方出口约35.59亿美元,占乌进口总额的18.2%,为乌第一大出口目的地国和第一大进口来源国,中方贸易顺差约6.9亿美元。2018年,乌外贸总额338.15亿美元,同比增长27.3%,其中,乌方出口约142.58亿美元,增长13.6%,进口195.57亿美元,增长39.6%,贸易逆差52.99亿美元。

[前沿资讯] 中越贸易额突破1000亿美元 进入全文

中国一带一路网

据越南海关总局统计,2018年中越双边贸易额达到1067.06亿美元,同比增长12.71%,中国成为与越南有贸易关系的200多个国家和地区中首个双边贸易额突破1000亿美元的贸易伙伴。其中,越南从中国进口额为654.38亿美元,同比增长11.7%;越南向中国出口额为412.68亿美元,同比增长16.6%。2018年,越南进口最多的中国商品是机械设备,进口额达120.25亿美元,同比增长10.2%;其次分别是电话及零件和电脑、电子产品及零件,进口额达85.8亿美元和78.3亿美元。此外,越南从中国进口额超过10亿美元的商品还有普通金属、塑料原料、燃油等14类商品。

[学术文献] Sustainability of food and nutrition security policy during presidential transitions 进入全文

Food Policy

Developing countries with democratic governments periodically experience presidential transitions that affect political and institutional performance. Unforeseen uncertainties during transitions are not faced strategically and interrupt collaboration among country teams expected to jointly implement policies, including policies intended to contribute to food and nutrition security. In some low- and middle-income countries, these obstacles result in persistent hunger, malnutrition, and death mainly affecting the most vulnerable populations and contributing to unequal human development. We aimed to understand what mechanisms determined sustainability of Food and Nutrition Security Policy (FNSP) during presidential transitions, from socio-political and nutritional perspectives, in a Central American country that experiences a change of president every four years. Purposeful criterion and snowball sampling were used to recruit 52 policy actors from all relevant sectors and levels, elected or appointed, that had contributed to implementing the FNSP adopted since 2006. Data from semi-structured interviews were analyzed using open, axial, and selective coding. Results were verified using content analysis for obtaining emerging themes in news, speeches, and documents. Twenty-four forces simultaneously shaped a dynamic process determining sustainability during transitions. The forces for sustaining FNSP were Backed Up, Beneficial, Championed, Importance, Institutionally Sound, Owned, Sensitive, Shared, Steady Resources, Strategic, Transition Effect, and Trusted. The forces for not sustaining FNSP were Antagonistic Underlying Structure, Campaigning, Dysfunctional Transition, Fractioned, Haphazard, Insensitive, Irrelevant, Misrepresentation, Neglected, Rivalry, Unsound Institutions, and Unsteady Resources. These forces determining FNSP sustainability during transitions were molded by the emerging reasons for sustaining and for not sustaining policy actions as reported by the study participants. The forces favored or impeded the sustainability of an action or part of it. The forces operated at all levels and sectors, but forces affected actions differently in these. The forces did not compete, but combinations of them brought about outcomes that policy actors in charge and their collaborators could intentionally influence. The potential of forces to shape sustainability of FSNP depended on interacting actors responding to emerging events within specific contexts. Roles performed by civil society, governmental officials, and international cooperation were critical for policy sustainability during transitions. These results are consistent with Lewin’s Force Field Theory on the complex dynamics embedded in intersecting forces within contexts and identify the specific forces that were operating. Although the 24 forces were identified in one context, the set of forces likely captures the range of forces that may operate in other similar political contexts. The knowledge that such forces may be operating could be helpful in ensuring sustainability of policies in the future. Actors and other stakeholders can identify the predominant specific forces operating for a policy and activate or promote the forces that enhance sustainability and deactivate or suppress the forces that inhibit sustainability. Foreseeing or creating opportunities to activate (or deactivate) and promote (or suppress) forces during the early stages of a presidential transition could help sustain policies and related practices that benefit food and nutrition security.

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