According to Fars News Agency, Hojjati said in a meeting with Gambia's Parliament Vice-Speaker Momodou Sanneh in Tehran, "Iran with diverse climatic conditions has successful experience in the field of producing all types of crops."Describing Gambia as a rich country in terms of water resources, Hojjati said that in addition to having enough water resources and fertile soil as well as suitable climate to raise tropical crops which have high global demand, Gambia has the potential for aquatic farming.
The current situation in Ukraine calls for new approaches to reform work and policy-making. With the Single and Comprehensive Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development in Ukraine for 2015-2020 (hereafter ‘the Strategy’), efforts are being made to respond to this call and address in a comprehensive manner the need for key reforms that have been long-awaited by agricultural producers, businesses, and the rural population.The Strategy sets out a development plan for Ukraine’s agriculture sector and rural areas for the period 2015-2020. Building on strategic documents already in force - including Strategy 2020 and the 2014 Coalition Agreement - it provides a long-term vision for the development of agriculture and rural areas, as well as offering the basis for a stable, predictable and transparent legal framework aimed at improving the business climate, fighting corruption and stimulating investment for the modernization of the agriculture sector. The Strategy also gives a grounding for the institutional reform necessary for successful follow-up and implementation.
In the Malabo Declaration of June 2014, African countries committed to tripling the level of intra-African agricultural trade and services by 2025, fast-tracking the establishment of a Continental Free Trade Area, and adopting a continentwide common external tariff. To accomplish these goals, African countries will need to consistently and accurately measure their participation in international trade. This paper reviews the literature on the measurement and qualification of trade integration in Africa. Starting with a complete review of available indicators and methodologies, it develops a methodological toolbox for better evaluation of the actual level of trade integration on the continent and formulates recommendations for policy assessment. It recommends use of a diverse range of indicators and methodologies, reviewing indicators that have recently emerged from network analysis and indicators of trade in value added. The study concludes that Africa is characterized by weak trade integration, particularly with the rest of the world. The region’s small number of trading partners and low product diversification are also striking. Contrary to what can be concluded from some simple trade share indicators, the use of more refined indicators shows that intra-African trade is relatively high compared with trade with other continents.
[科技报告] Pathways from Agriculture to Nutrition in India Implications for Sustainable Development Goals 进入全文
Food security and nutrition policy interventions generally rely on selective measures. Yet recent literature emphasizes the importance of identifying different pathways from agriculture to nutrition for better nutritional outcomes. Using a disaggregated dashboard approach with agriculture, food consumption, and demographic and health survey data, this study examines the progress of Indian states toward the Sustainable Development Goals. There is evidence of both disconnects and linkages among food security indicators along the agriculture-nutrition pathways. Through a broadened and comprehensive approach under one coordinating body with a good set of improved interventions and governance, Indian states can attain food and nutrition security by 2030. Such evidence based policy making is need of the hour to observe impact on the ground, rather than framing policies based on ideologies. At a time when the focus is more and more on impact, the shift to why we do research and what it contributes to solving the problem is increasingly important.