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[学术文献] 中国对中亚五国农产品出口贸易的影响因素分析——基于恒定市场份额模型测算 进入全文

黑龙江畜牧兽医

笔者采用Trade Map数据库2001—2015年中国对中亚五国农产品出口数据,利用恒定市场份额(CMS)模型,对影响中国对中亚五国农产品出口规模变动的因素进行了分析。结果表明:中国对中亚五国农产品出口波动的主要原因是中亚五国农产品市场需求的变化;同时,对不同种类的农产品,影响中国对中亚五国出口增长的因素存在明显差异,中国出口中亚五国农产品竞争力的提升以及产品结构适应中亚五国进口需求的变化,是推动第1类产品(动物类产品)、第4类产品(饮料及烟酒等产品)、第11类产品(纺织原料及纺织制品)农产出口增长的重要因素,而中亚五国进口需求的扩大是促进第2类(植物类)、第3类(动植物油脂类)农产品出口增长的决定因素。

[前沿资讯] Hojjati: Iran ready to share experience with Gambia 进入全文

Iran Daily

According to Fars News Agency, Hojjati said in a meeting with Gambia's Parliament Vice-Speaker Momodou Sanneh in Tehran, "Iran with diverse climatic conditions has successful experience in the field of producing all types of crops."Describing Gambia as a rich country in terms of water resources, Hojjati said that in addition to having enough water resources and fertile soil as well as suitable climate to raise tropical crops which have high global demand, Gambia has the potential for aquatic farming.

[前沿资讯] Straregy For Agriculture and Rural Development 2015 – 2020 进入全文

乌克兰农业政策与粮食部

The current situation in Ukraine calls for new approaches to reform work and policy-making. With the Single and Comprehensive Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development in Ukraine for 2015-2020 (hereafter ‘the Strategy’), efforts are being made to respond to this call and address in a comprehensive manner the need for key reforms that have been long-awaited by agricultural producers, businesses, and the rural population.The Strategy sets out a development plan for Ukraine’s agriculture sector and rural areas for the period 2015-2020. Building on strategic documents already in force - including Strategy 2020 and the 2014 Coalition Agreement - it provides a long-term vision for the development of agriculture and rural areas, as well as offering the basis for a stable, predictable and transparent legal framework aimed at improving the business climate, fighting corruption and stimulating investment for the modernization of the agriculture sector. The Strategy also gives a grounding for the institutional reform necessary for successful follow-up and implementation.

[前沿资讯] Measuring trade integration in Africa 进入全文

IFPRI

In the Malabo Declaration of June 2014, African countries committed to tripling the level of intra-African agricultural trade and services by 2025, fast-tracking the establishment of a Continental Free Trade Area, and adopting a continentwide common external tariff. To accomplish these goals, African countries will need to consistently and accurately measure their participation in international trade. This paper reviews the literature on the measurement and qualification of trade integration in Africa. Starting with a complete review of available indicators and methodologies, it develops a methodological toolbox for better evaluation of the actual level of trade integration on the continent and formulates recommendations for policy assessment. It recommends use of a diverse range of indicators and methodologies, reviewing indicators that have recently emerged from network analysis and indicators of trade in value added. The study concludes that Africa is characterized by weak trade integration, particularly with the rest of the world. The region’s small number of trading partners and low product diversification are also striking. Contrary to what can be concluded from some simple trade share indicators, the use of more refined indicators shows that intra-African trade is relatively high compared with trade with other continents.

[科技报告] Pathways from Agriculture to Nutrition in India Implications for Sustainable Development Goals 进入全文

IFPRI

Food security and nutrition policy interventions generally rely on selective measures. Yet recent literature emphasizes the importance of identifying different pathways from agriculture to nutrition for better nutritional outcomes. Using a disaggregated dashboard approach with agriculture, food consumption, and demographic and health survey data, this study examines the progress of Indian states toward the Sustainable Development Goals. There is evidence of both disconnects and linkages among food security indicators along the agriculture-nutrition pathways. Through a broadened and comprehensive approach under one coordinating body with a good set of improved interventions and governance, Indian states can attain food and nutrition security by 2030. Such evidence based policy making is need of the hour to observe impact on the ground, rather than framing policies based on ideologies. At a time when the focus is more and more on impact, the shift to why we do research and what it contributes to solving the problem is increasingly important.

[学术文献] 海上丝绸之路背景下中国广西与东盟国家农产品竞争性与互补性 进入全文

世界农业

本文采用相对贸易竞争指数和出口产品相似度指数,探讨中国广西壮族自治区(以下简称广西)与东盟农产品出口的竞争优势及相似程度,广西与东盟大多数国家相比,在丝绸、活猪、蘑菇罐头和药材等农产品出口上优势明显,但是在蔬菜、水坚果、茶叶和活家禽等产品受到来自东盟的挑战,与马来西亚、印度尼西亚、菲律宾、泰国和越南竞争性明显。广西应抓住当前“一带一路”战略和中国—东盟自由贸易区升级的机遇,在办好中国—东盟博览会的基础上,发挥自身特色,优化农产品出口战略。

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