This Special Report on Climate Change and Land1 responds to the Panel decision in 2016 to prepare three Special Reports2 during the Sixth Assessment cycle, taking account of proposals from governments and observer organizations3 . This report addresses greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes in land-based ecosystems , land use and sustainable land management4 in relation to climate change adaptation and mitigation, desertification5 , land degradation6 and food security7 . This report follows the publication of other recent reports, including the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C (SR15), the thematic assessment of the Intergovernmental Science Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) on Land Degradation and Restoration, the IPBES Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, and the Global Land Outlook of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). This report provides an updated assessment of the current state of knowledge8 while striving for coherence and complementarity with other recent reports.
水果价格止涨回落。西瓜、葡萄等夏季时令水果集中上市，水 果市场整体供给充足，价格在持续上涨后出现明显的季节性回落。7 月份，农业农村部重点监测的 6 种水果批发均价每公斤 7.93 元，环 比跌 5.5%，同比涨 52.8%。其中，西瓜、巨峰葡萄、香蕉环比分别 跌 25.1%、24.0%、4.7%，鸭梨、菠萝、富士苹果环比仍分别涨 9.3%、 8.0%、4.8%。 蔬菜价格止跌回升。蔬菜供应进入“夏淡”期，高温多雨及强 对流天气影响部分产区的采收和运输，菜价季节性上涨。7 月份，农 业农村部监测的 28 种蔬菜全国批发均价每公斤 4.08 元，环比涨 6.5%，同比涨 15.3%。其中，菠菜、菜花、大白菜、莴笋、西葫芦和 洋白菜环比涨幅超过 20%。 禽肉、禽蛋、牛羊肉价格继续走强。受猪肉价格上涨影响，禽 肉、禽蛋、牛羊肉替代消费增加，价格保持小幅上涨走势。7 月份， 白条鸡集市均价每公斤 20.98 元，环比涨 1.3%，同比涨 13.0%；鸡 蛋每公斤 10.38 元，环比涨 3.9%，同比涨 15.1%；牛肉每公斤 69.82 元，环比涨 1.0%，同比涨 9.1%；羊肉每公斤 69.06 元，环比涨 0.8%， 同比涨 13.8%。
Urbanization in Ghana has spurred growth in nonfarm jobs in rural areas with little impact on agricultural intensification, defined by higher land productivity. Simultaneously, neglect of public investments, low even by African standards, in the non-cocoa sector has stagnated agricultural growth in the country. These are some of the key findings of a new book from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) researchers and collaborators.
The benchmark US wheat (No.2 Hard Red Winter, f.o.b.) averaged USD 228 per tonne in June, more than 7 percent higher than in May but still nearly 6 percent down from the corresponding month last year. Besides the spill over from a surge in maize prices, wheat price quotations were also underpinned by excessively wet weather, which delayed harvesting of the winter wheat crops. Wheat export prices in the European Union were also firmer due to hot weather conditions, while in Argentina, heavy rains, hampering planting, provided support. By contrast, prices of Black Sea origin wheat remained under downward pressure largely because of the generally favourable production outlook, despite some concerns over hot and dry weather.
Ukraine sunflowerseed production for 2019/20 is forecast at 15.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 5 percent from last month and up 3 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 2.50 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month and up 8 percent from last year. The month-to-month increase in yields is due to recent favorable weather for sunflowers in eastern and central Ukraine. Total area is estimated at 6.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month. USDA Foreign Agricultural Service analysts conducted crop assessment travel in mid-to-late July. The team observed favorable growth for sunflowers in the Steppe and Forest-Steppe regions. The sunflower heads were larger than average and seeds fully filled out the heads. Harvest will begin in early September and continue through mid-November. USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea.