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[行业报告] 2020全球粮食政策报告:构建具有包容性的食物系统 进入全文

IFPRI

目前,我们的食物系统正处于关键时期,无论是在规模还是在速度上,全球、地区、国家和地方食物系统正在发生着空前的变化。食物系统正以迅猛的速度发展,以满足日益增长且不断变化的需求,但仍然无法满足每个人的需求。当这份报告付印时,新冠肺炎的爆发构成了新的全球性威胁。在全世界与这个流行病战斗之际,经济和生计受到破坏之时,贫穷和弱势群体可能遭受的损失最大。应对这个冲击的影响,包括从供应链和贸易中断,到严重的失业问题以及贫困水平上升,迫切需要在短期内为最弱势群体提供有效和有针对性的社会保障。为了长期的抗逆力,我们必须建立包容性食物系统。在实现食物系统现代化以获得稳健、可持续发展的气候智能型食物系统的过程中,我们还必须努力确保食物系统对小农、青年人口、女性、受冲突影响群体及其他贫困人口和边缘化群体具有包容性。

[行业报告] 美国农业部海外农业局发布韩国等10国转基因农业现状报告 进入全文

基因农业网

美国农业部海外农业局于2020年3月发布了10个国家的农业生物技术年度报告,报告指出:韩国:农业、食品和农村事务部下属的农村发展管理局,于2019年4月宣布成立新育种技术商业化中心。该中心将领导韩国创新生物技术的发展,包括从2020年开始的为期7年的基因组编辑研究,预算为760亿韩元(约合6300万美元)。目前韩国正在与有关部门协调制定有关创新生物技术(如:基因编辑)产品的监管政策,但在转基因产品的审批方面没有改善。此外,2019年6月,韩国从源自美国的进口小麦中检测到转基因成分后,韩国食品药品安全部已对所有源于美国的小麦和小麦粉进行测试,以确认不存在未经批准的转基因小麦事件,目前所有测试均为阴性。多米尼加共和国:仍是美国重要的转基因产品出口国,包括散装农产品(玉米)、中间产品(豆粕)和高价值消费产品(加工食品),2018年的进口总额达14亿美元。多米尼加共和国曾在2015年的法律草案中明确规定将对转基因产品进行强制性标识,但该法律并未实施,且预计在短期内不会执行。巴基斯坦:已制定生物技术法律(例如2005年的《巴基斯坦生物安全规则》、2015年的《种子修正法》和2018年的《植物育种者权利法》等),但尚未确立实施该法规的具体细则和行政程序。国家各监管机构处于颁布规则和行政程序的不同阶段,需要同步这些规则和行政程序,以便农业生物技术监管的法律制度能够有效运作。

[行业报告] Crop Prospects and Food Situation-202003 进入全文

FAO

FAO assesses that globally 44 countries, of which 34 are in Africa, continue to be in need of external assistance for food. Agricultural droughts have aggravated food insecurity conditions, due to reduced harvests that also caused price hikes. Conflict driven crises continued to be the primary cause of the high levels of severe food insecurity.

[行业报告] European Data Protection Supervisor-2019 Annual Report 进入全文

欧盟

2019 could be described as a year of transition, across Europe and the world.  With new legislation on data protection in the EU now in place, the greatest challenge moving into 2020 and beyond is to ensure that this legislation produces the promised results. Awareness of the issues surrounding data protection and privacy, and the importance of protecting these fundamental rights, is at an all-time high and this momentum cannot be allowed to decline. This Annual Report provides an insight into all EDPS activities in 2019, which was the last year of a five-year EDPS mandate. EDPS activities therefore focused on consolidating the achievements of previous years, assessing the progress made and starting to define priorities for the future.  

[行业报告] The Future of US Agricultural and Rural Development Policy 进入全文

AEI

Most of the presidential candidates, including President Donald Trump, support using taxpayer funds to provide direct subsidies to farmers through price support, federal crop insurance, and other farm income safety-net programs. While President Trump has proposed cutting crop insurance subsidies in his annual budgets, he has provided unprecedented levels of ad hoc assistance—as much as $28 billion—to compensate farm owners for losses they might have incurred because of the administration’s trade war with China. Most Democratic candidates would target government farm income safety-net and conservation program outlays more toward small and middle-sized farms and away from large farms. All the Democratic Party candidates considered in this report embrace the broad tenets of the Green New Deal and would support policies to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate climate change, including public investments in agricultural research programs. President Trump ostensibly opposes all climate change initiatives that could possibly affect job growth in the US.

[行业报告] Global Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Agriculture Market 进入全文

AgReport

Global agriculture industry has undergone significant and dynamic changes in the past decades, specifically with the introduction of technologies introduced to improve crop yield. With the increase in world population leading to the rise in the global demand for food, growers are prompted to adopt the most advanced and productive methods in farming operations to increase crop yield. One of new-age methods applied for increase in production is the new efficient mode of farming known as precision agriculture. This way of farming has resulted in creation of large number of data points leading to the growth of data-driven farming. Consequently, the growers and consumers of agricultural products are left with complex big data to analyze. The analysis for this data has prompted the need for cognitive computing with human-like intelligence in farm equipment and solutions based on such computing to yield healthier crops, as well as to monitor crops and soil conditions, control weeds, aid with farm workload, optimize data for growers, and enhance the farm operation efficiency. The set of cognitive computing technologies introduced in agriculture for the said purpose is known as artificial intelligence technology. The global artificial intelligence in agriculture study offers a wide perspective of different types of product offerings, different farming type, and different applications for which AI technology is offered in the market. The study also analyzes its impact on the agriculture sector by providing critical insights into the direction of its future expansion. The research is based on extensive primary interviews (in-house experts, industry leaders, and market players) and secondary research (a host of paid and unpaid databases), along with the analytical tools that have been used to build the forecast and the predictive models. This report has been designed to answer some of the most crucial questions about the artificial intelligence in agriculture market.

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