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[前沿资讯] Revitalizing the rural economy: The power to make a change 进入全文

IFPRI

In the effort to eliminate poverty worldwide, policies that address rural poverty must be central. The global rural poverty rate is higher than the urban poverty rate, and rural residents account for 80% of the extremely poor. Revitalizing rural areas so that they are productive, sustainable and healthy places to learn, work, and live can have a tremendous impact on global poverty. Revitalizing rural areas to strengthen the connection between rural and urban economies can spur growth and diversify the farm and non-farm sectors to contribute to poverty reduction. Rural areas have the potential to become hubs of innovation and to drive the transformation of food systems and overall livelihoods.

[前沿资讯] 巴基斯坦总统呼吁学习中国农业技术 进入全文

中国一带一路网

巴基斯坦总统阿里夫·阿尔维30日在伊斯兰堡出席中巴农业合作论坛时表示,巴基斯坦应当学习中国在农业领域中水资源利用、育种、机械化等方面的经验,努力提高农产品附加值,扩大农产品出口。阿尔维表示,中巴经济走廊是为民众带来福祉的源泉,相信随着两国合作水平不断提高,未来几年内双方会在农业领域取得更加丰硕的成果。

[前沿资讯] Poor in Africa south of the Sahara face rising disproportionate risks from extreme weather 进入全文

IFPRI

Weather shocks driven by climate change pose huge and still uncertain risks to the world’s poor. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, “For many kinds of disruption, from crop failure caused by drought to sickness and death from heat waves, the main risks are in the extremes, with changes in average conditions representing a climate with altered timing, intensity, and types of extremes.” In a study published in World Development, we show that extreme precipitation could have disproportionately negative consequences on poverty levels in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA), including reducing food availability and agricultural income and increasing commodity prices. Unexpectedly, dry spells seem to have a comparatively uncertain impact on welfare conditions.

[前沿资讯] 联合国贸发会议报告显示中国仍是全球第二大外资流入国 进入全文

中国一带一路网

总部位于日内瓦的联合国贸易和发展会议(贸发会议)日前发布报告显示,2019年上半年中国吸引外资730亿美元,继续成为全球第二大外资流入国。贸发会议28日发布的最新一期《全球投资趋势监测报告》显示,2019年上半年,全球外国直接投资(FDI)达6400亿美元,较2018年上半年处于非正常低位的全球FDI增长24%。

[学术文献] The impact of climate changes on agriculture export trade in Pakistan: Evidence from time‐series analysis 进入全文

Growth and Change

Agriculture is one of the primary contributors to Pakistan's economy. However, over the last few decades, the atmospheric carbon dioxide emission has been amplified to a great extent in Pakistan. This amplification may cause climate change, global warming, and environmental mitigation in Pakistan. This paper empirically investigates the impact of CO2 emissions on the agricultural export trade of Pakistan over the period 1975–2017. Evidence suggests that climate change could be a primary cause for the decline in Pakistan's agriculture export trade; no studies have been carried out for this specific issue, particularly over time. In this paper, the empirical analysis suggests the negative coefficient of agriculture export trade with CO2 emissions subsequently decreases agriculture export trade, which leads to direct impact on Pakistan's economy. Both theoretical and empirical outcomes suggest that the adaptation of clean and green energies and technologies are the key to reduce pollution in Pakistan. Overall, the effects of carbon dioxide emissions on agriculture export trade are stronger in the long‐run dynamics, thus making the finding heterogeneous. Possible initiatives should be taken by the government of Pakistan to improve the agriculture sector and it should also introduce new policies to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide.

[学术文献] What Is the Effective Delivery Mechanism of Food Support in India? 进入全文

Economic and Political Weekly

Broadly, two lines of arguments characterise the policy debate regarding the ideal delivery mechanism for the public distribution system (PDS) of foodgrains. The first supports a gradual move towards a system based on food coupons or direct cash transfers (DCT), either of which could be used at private retail like a standard food stamp (Kotwal et al 2011; Chaudhuri and Somanathan 2011). The alternative argument supports reforms of the existing PDS of in-kind transfers (Khera 2011) with increased monitoring and enforcement, and expansion of coverage well past the current below poverty line (BPL) population, making it more extensive as well as more generous.

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