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[前沿资讯] Global economy faces a tightrope walk to recovery 进入全文

OECD

The Covid-19 pandemic has triggered the most severe recession in nearly a century and is causing enormous damage to people’s health, jobs and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. As restrictions begin to ease, the path to economic recovery remains highly uncertain and vulnerable to a second wave of infections. Strengthening healthcare systems and supporting people and businesses to help adapt to a post-Covid world will be crucial, it says. The containment measures brought in by most governments were necessary to slow the spread of the virus and limit the death toll, but they have also closed down business activity in many sectors and caused widespread economic hardship.    

[学术文献] Rural In-Migration and Agricultural Development: Evidence from Zambia 进入全文

Agricultural Economics

While a considerable body of literature has developed in recent years around the drivers and consequences of rural out‐migration in sub‐Saharan Africa, relatively little work has been done to understand the impacts of migration into rural areas. We use nationally representative household survey data from Zambia to explore the relationship between rural in‐migration and agricultural productivity outcomes in receiving communities. We document high levels of rural in‐migration throughout Zambia—12% of rural household heads having moved from elsewhere within the previous 10 years—with two‐thirds of rural in‐migrants originating from other rural areas. Migrants are, on average, better endowed with capital resources than their nonmigrant neighbors and are more engaged with input and output markets. After controlling for other factors, we find that higher rates of rural in‐migration are associated with greater agricultural productivity outcomes in receiving communities. These positive associations are particularly pronounced in more remote rural areas, and where in‐migration originates from other rural areas. Taken together, our results suggest that rural in‐migrants play an important role in the rural transformation processes underway in Zambia.

[前沿资讯] 世界粮食价格下跌 进入全文

中国农业信息网

乌克兰独立新闻社6月4日消息,联合国粮农组织发布消息,由于粮食供应充足,而疫情造成需求减弱,世界粮食价格已连续四个月持续下降,目前降至17个月来的最低点。今年5月,世界粮价环比下跌1.9%,降至2018年12月的水平。乳制品价格环比下降7.3%,同比下降近20%。粮农组织指出,这是由于进口需求减少以及季节性因素造成的。同时,由于石油价格上涨以及世界最大产糖国印度和第二大食糖出口国泰国的产量下降,糖价环比上涨7.4%。5月肉类价格环比下降0.8%,同比下降3.6%。谷物价格下跌1%,植物油下跌2.8%,跌至10个月来的最低点。粮农组织专家预测,新一季全球谷物产量将增长2.6%,达到创纪录的27.8亿吨。 

[学术文献] 日韩海外农业投资的比较及对中国“一带一路”建设的启示 进入全文

经济社会体制比较

目前全球的海外农业投资模式基本可以分为日本模式和韩国模式两种。韩国模式采用风险较大、成功率很小的直接土地交易的模式,海外农业投资失败的案例居多,而日本采用订单农业、合同农业和参股并购的方式与当地企业合作,从而顺利地进入当地市场,减少了阻力和风险。就中国海外农业投资模式而言,在战略上应更多地借鉴、学习日本模式,吸取韩国模式的教训,使中国农业“走出去”之路更加顺利高效,更好地服务国家的“一带一路”建设,实现合作共赢。

[学术文献] 新冠肺炎疫情对全球食物安全的影响及对策 进入全文

中国农村经济

当前,新冠肺炎疫情已在全球扩散,许多本就因为冲突、自然灾害或气候变化而深陷食物不安全的国家和地区的防疫形势也日益严峻。虽然目前全球食物供给总体充足,食物价格稳定,但疫情的快速蔓延将给全球食物安全带来威胁。由于隔离和边境关闭,市场、供应链和贸易受到波及,全球食物的供给受到影响。食物流通渠道可能因运输中断和更加严格的检疫措施而受阻,运输成本和贸易成本增加、效率降低。一些国家为保障国内食物供应而采取限制出口的行为,将影响依赖于粮食进口的国家进口粮食,也不利于依赖于出口初级农产品的低收入发展中国家出口农产品。封锁措施带来的经济影响使居民收入和购买力下降,居民获得充足的营养食物变得更加困难。食物安全不再是一个区域性问题,而是一个需要共同应对的全球性问题,各国应当共同努力,加强合作和全球治理,对最弱势群体采取迅速的保护和援助措施。既要确保国内食物供应链的正常运行,同时,应该保持贸易开放,并利用和创新电子商务保障食物供应,保障全球粮食安全。

[学术文献] “一带一路”农业国际合作背景下国内紧缺农产品进口渠道拓展研究 进入全文

农业经济

"一带一路"农业国际合作为我国解决国内紧缺农产品问题创造了有利条件,我国可以充分利用农业技术比较优势与沿线国家进行农业多元合作,构建更为多元化的农产品供给体系。采取多种措施拓展紧缺农产品进口渠道,加强与"一带一路"沿线重点国家在农业资源开发、农产品生产与加工、农业基础设施建设、农产品运输网络等多方面合作,逐步实现农产品进口渠道的多元化。 

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