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[行业报告] Briefing note on an Overview of ICTs and Sustainable Development 进入全文

亚太信息通信发展培训中心(APCICT)

The Briefing Note Series aims to provide at-a-glance information of key ICTD issues for policymakers, and facilitate their understanding of the potential of ICT when formulating national development policies and programmes. This Briefing Note examines the linkage between ICTs and sustainable development, and the practice of ICT for development (ICTD), which focuses on the meaningful application of ICTs—particularly computer, web-based, mobile and other digital technologies—to achieve the sustainable development goals of countries in Asia and the Pacific. Key Topics include: • The Big Picture • The ICT Scenario • Application of ICTs for Sustainable Development • ICTs, Sustainable Development and National Development Policy and Planning • Key Issues in the Use of ICTs for Development

[行业报告] Tree Nuts: World Markets and Trade-202002 进入全文

USDA

Global production for 2019/20 is forecast down 11 percent to 694,000 metric tons (tons) as the United States and Turkey entered the off-year of the alternate bearing crop cycle, more than offsetting a sharp rebound in Iran. As a result of lower available supplies, world consumption, trade, and ending stocks are expected to decline. Iran’s production, reported by the Iranian Pistachio Association, is forecast to recover to 205,000 tons following last year’s weather shock that slashed output over 75 percent. Although shipments in the first few months of the marketing year have been slow, the pace is expected to accelerate to top markets China, the European Union, and Turkey, pushing total exports to 125,000 tons. Despite strong domestic consumption, ending stocks are forecast to jump to 25,000 tons following last year’s reduced output and stocks drawdown.

[行业报告] 全球动物抗微生物药物使用调查报告(上) 进入全文

国际畜牧网

抗微生物药物(AntimicrobialAgents)主要包括抗菌药物(AntibacterialAgents)抗生素(Antibiotics)及其他药物,由于全球细菌耐药性问题与由此引发的人畜共患病问题的日趋严重,使得动物蛋白生产领域的抗微生物药物的使用引起各界的高度关注。据世界动物卫生组织(OIE)于2019年2月发布的《全球动物抗微生物药物使用调查报告(III)》显示,亚洲/远东和大洋洲动物抗微生物药物平均使用量位居全球前列,其次是美洲和欧洲,而非洲的平均使用量最低。猪的生物量排全球第二,使用抗微生物药物的国家和地区达102个。从2010年开始,OIE即开始调查其在全球的成员经济体动物抗微生物药物的使用情况,并分别在2016年、2017年、2019年发布了三次全球动物抗微生物药物使用调查报告,综合统计分析了2010年-2015年、2013年-2016年、2015年-2017年三个不同时间段的OIE各地区的成员经济体使用各类抗微生物药物的情况。OIE第三次调查覆盖全球155个国家和地区(见表1),包括美国、欧盟多数国家、中国、俄罗斯、巴西、印度以及日本、韩国、加拿大、澳大利亚、南非、尼日利亚等主要经济体。数据涉及当地的陆生食用动物、鱼类(水产)养殖、宠物及其他动物,主要调查当地各类动物的生物量、促生长类抗微生物药物、特殊抗微生物药物、抗生素及其他抗微生物药物的使用情况;数据来源于产业链各环节,包括农场动物养殖端、兽药生产端、饲料生产及销售端以及出口业务(见图1)。陆生食用动物是OIE调查的主要对象,包括猪、家禽、牛、羊等;这次调查的155个国家和地区当中,有102个国家和地区在养猪生产中使用抗微生物药物。从全球各类动物的生物量来看,猪的生物量达到14705.3万吨,占比24%,位居全球第2位,低于牛的生物量占比(37%)、高于家禽的生物量占比(17%)(见表2)。从不同地区来看,亚洲/远东和大洋洲猪的生物量达到8998.5万吨,远远高于其他动物的生物量,是家禽的生物量的1.20倍,且高出当地牛的生物量逾3000万吨;欧洲猪的生物量排在当地的第2位,比牛的生物量低1148.2万吨;美洲猪的生物量位居当地的第3位,均远低于牛和家禽的生物量;非洲猪的生物量则排在当地的第7位,远远低于牛、山羊、绵羊的生物量,与马、家禽、骆驼的差距也比较大。整体来看,亚洲/远东和大洋洲的水产养殖/鱼类的生物量占当地所有动物的生物量的比重达到12%,明显高于全球水平(6%)及其他地区对应的比重。此外,非洲的山羊和绵羊的这一比重明显高于全球水平及其他地区。

[行业报告] Grain: World Markets and Trade-202002 进入全文

USDA

The current forecast for 2019/20 (Oct-Sep) foreign sorghum exports is the third-lowest in USDA’s database. World sorghum exports are expected to be the fifth-lowest in history, though the United States has slightly improved prospects relative to the previous year. Sorghum production in the United States, Argentina, and Australia has trended down over the last decade, with Australia’s droughtaffected production in particular forecast to be the lowest since 1969/70, negatively affecting global exportable supplies.

[行业报告] Australia Agricultural Biotechnology Annual-2020 进入全文

USDA

The Australian federal government is supportive of biotechnology and has committed considerable long-term funding to research and development. The Australian Productivity Commission recently completed an inquiry into the regulatory burden on farm businesses focusing on regulations that have a material impact on the competitiveness and productivity of Australian agriculture, including the impact of regulations for genetically engineered products. Technical reviews of the Gene Technology Regulations 2001 and the relevant Standard of the Food Standards Code are currently being finalized to provide regulatory clarity involving new technologies. The South Australian government introduced regulations to remove the moratorium on growing, transporting or selling genetically engineered crops in that state as of January 1, 2020. From this date GE crops can be grown in all areas of the state except Kangaroo Island. 

[行业报告] Citrus: World Markets and Trade-202001 进入全文

USDA

Global orange production for 2019/20 is forecast to fall 5.8 million metric tons (tons) from the previous year to 47.5 million as unfavorable weather leads to smaller crops in Brazil, Egypt, the European Union, and Morocco. Consequently, consumption, fruit for processing, and fresh exports are also forecast lower.

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