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[前沿资讯] After COVID-19, nations can tackle environmental crises by shifting priorities to sustainable development 进入全文

The conversation

A little over a year ago, in May 2019, a United Nations report on biodiversity made headlines for the bad news it contained: A million species at risk of extinction. The biosphere’s many contributions to people are being degraded by a variety of industrial activities and resource use. Freshwater, soils and a stable climate are all under threat and giving way to droughts, floods, zoonotic diseases and more. Amid all the bad news, however, were bright lights. I was one of the authors of that report, and we found a way out of the mess, with the seeds of solutions sprouting all over the world. While the report delivered a jarring message that only transformative change could address the climate and ecological crises, it also laid out a pathway to sustainability. After days of negotiations with 132 nations over the wording of the report’s summary, the other authors and I left Paris full of hope. Yet 14 months later, many nations already seem to have lost their way, focusing on restoring pre-COVID-19 economies rather than building resilient social and ecological systems for thriving sustainability.

[学术文献] Levers and leverage points for pathways to sustainability 进入全文

People and Nature

Humanity is on a deeply unsustainable trajectory. We are exceeding planetary boundaries and unlikely to meet many international sustainable development goals and global environmental targets. Until recently, there was no broadly accepted framework of interventions that could ignite the transformations needed to achieve these desired targets and goals. As a component of the IPBES Global Assessment, we conducted an iterative expert deliberation process with an extensive review of scenarios and pathways to sustainability, including the broader literature on indirect drivers, social change and sustainability transformation. We asked, what are the most important elements of pathways to sustainability. Applying a social–ecological systems lens, we identified eight priority points for intervention (leverage points) and five overarching strategic actions and priority interventions (levers), which appear to be key to societal transformation. The eight leverage points are: (1) Visions of a good life, (2) Total consumption and waste, (3) Latent values of responsibility, (4) Inequalities, (5) Justice and inclusion in conservation, (6) Externalities from trade and other telecouplings, (7) Responsible technology, innovation and investment, and (8) Education and knowledge generation and sharing. The five intertwined levers can be applied across the eight leverage points and more broadly. These include: (A) Incentives and capacity building, (B) Coordination across sectors and jurisdictions, (C) Pre‐emptive action, (D) Adaptive decision‐making and (E) Environmental law and implementation. The levers and leverage points are all non‐substitutable, and each enables others, likely leading to synergistic benefits. Transformative change towards sustainable pathways requires more than a simple scaling‐up of sustainability initiatives—it entails addressing these levers and leverage points to change the fabric of legal, political, economic and other social systems. These levers and leverage points build upon those approved within the Global Assessment's Summary for Policymakers, with the aim of enabling leaders in government, business, civil society and academia to spark transformative changes towards a more just and sustainable world.

[前沿资讯] How smart investments in technology can beef up Africa’s economy 进入全文

The conversation

There is no shortage of technological innovations designed to boost animal agriculture in Africa. These range from GPS tracking systems which identify and trace pastoralists’ herds to livestock vaccine SMS services that alert farmers to disease outbreaks. But to unlock the economic potential of the sector as demand for meat and milk swells threefold towards 2050, countries must invest in the critical areas that will improve quality across the whole value chain. That is increasing productivity and quality from the breeding of the animal throughout the production process to the end product. This includes safe storage, handling and sale. My native Uganda offers some useful lessons from its use of smart investments in technology and farmer organisation. These have made it the only East African country that is self-sufficient in milk.

[前沿资讯] 联合国报告:预计2020年底新增饥饿人数超过1.3亿人 进入全文

中国农业信息网

联合国一项年度研究报告表明,全球饥饿人数不断增加。过去五年,处于长期食物不足状态的人数增加了数千万,世界各国仍在与各种形式的营养不良做斗争。14日发布的最新版《世界粮食安全和营养状况》估计,2019年近6.9亿人遭受饥饿,与2018年相比增加一千万,与五年前相比增加近六千万。据报告预测,在全球范围内,新冠肺炎疫情到2020年底可能使长期饥饿人数新增超过1.3亿人。 

[前沿资讯] 粮农组织启动全新“2019冠状病毒病疫情应对与恢复计划”,提出七大关键优先领域 进入全文

中国农业信息网

2020年7月14日,罗马 - 粮农组织于今日宣布了"2019冠状病毒病疫应对与恢复计划"。该项全新综合计划旨在预防疫情期间和之后出现性全球粮食危机,同时制定有关粮食安全和营养的中长期发展规划。粮农组织呼吁提供12亿美元的初始投资,以支持新计划的各项需求。该计划于今日在名为"携手抗疫:提升全球粮食和农业应对能力"的线上活动中正式启动。该活动由粮农组织举办,参与者包括私营企业和公共部门,旨在通过动员国家、区域和全球多层面各种形式的资源和伙伴关系,采取迅捷而协调的全球响应措施,保障所有人都能获得营养食品。 

[前沿资讯] 欧亚经济联盟实施乳制品强制标签管理引发争议 进入全文

中国农业信息网

国际文传电讯社莫斯科7月7日电,欧亚经济联盟实业家理事会日前致函欧亚经济委员会执委会主席米亚斯尼科维奇,要求在即将召开的欧亚经济委员会理事会会议上研究俄罗斯方面提出的乳制品强制标签管理提案,并排除联盟个别成员国单方面实施强制标签管理的可能。实业家理事会指出,联盟各成员国生产商均认为实施乳制品强制标签管理不尽合理。乳制品属易腐食品且无法伪造,为确保食品安全和可追溯,联盟已引入检疫证书、电子发票等制度。乳制品是重要民生商品,需求量大,在当前疫情条件下,民众难以接受因实施标签管理导致乳制品价格上涨。

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