This Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition introduced for the first time in 2017 a new indicator for measuring severe food insecurity, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). This indicator complements the information provided by the prevalence of undernourishment (PoU) indicator, used by FAO to monitor hunger. Both indicators show that the prevalence of hunger at the chronic or severe level is mostly very low in this region, with the exception of a handful of countries. This edition introduces analysis based on the prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity, also based on the FIES methodology. It captures people’s difficulties in accessing safe, nutritious and sufficient food and so is more relevant for countries in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region in which severe food deprivation may no longer be of concern but where sizeable pockets of food-insecure populations still remain. The new estimates show that the prevalence at the moderate or severe level could be quite high, at an average of 11 percent for the ECA region, affecting more than 100 million people. Moreover, the prevalence was non-trivial even in many relatively high-income countries of the European Union and the European Free Trade Association.
This biannual report includes data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in dairy products. Covers cow’s milk, cheese, butter, skim milk powder and whole milk powder. Prospects for U.S. dairy exporters have improved markedly as 2020 exports of skimmed milk powder (SMP) are expected to grow by 5 percent to reach 718,000 tons. Further, the fiscal year trade forecast is raised by $300 million to $5.8 billion largely as a result of higher export volumes and prices for skimmed milk products such as SMP and whey. So far this year, although the volume shipped has lagged last year’s pace, the value of U.S. exports of SMP are up 12 percent year-over-year (YOY) through September 2019 and accounted for about 25 percent of the total value of U.S. dairy exports.
Rice export prices declined 1-4 percent, particularly for fragrant and parboiled rice, due mainly to the weakening of the Thai baht. The Thai baht depreciated to 30.19 baht/U.S. $1.00 from the previous week’s exchange rate of 30.09 baht/U.S. $1.00. Additionally, farm-gate prices of paddy rice remain under downward pressure, while MY2019/20 main rice crop harvest is underway. Under the MY2019/20 Paddy Rice Price Guarantee Program, farmers who harvested main rice crop during December 1-7, 2019, will receive 2,454 baht per metric ton (U.S. $81/MT) for white paddy rice; 1,661 baht per metric ton (U.S. $55/MT) for Pathumthani fragrant paddy rice; 517 baht per metric ton (U.S. $17/MT) for Hom Mali fragrant paddy rice; and 405 baht per metric ton (U.S. $13/MT) for Provincial fragrant paddy rice as the market prices were lower than the guarantee prices (Table 2). This is the first time farmers who grow premium fragrant paddy rice (Hom Mali and Provincial fragrant rice) will receive compensation since the price guarantee program began on October 15, 2019.
The pilot project The Future of Manufacturing in Europe is an explorative and future-oriented study. It explores the future adoption of some key game-changing technologies and how this adoption can be promoted, even regionally. The analysis of implications for working life focuses primarily on tasks and skills, not only at the white-collar, tertiary-education level, but also for blue-collar occupations, including a focus on challenges facing national and company apprenticeship systems. The future orientation also includes quantitative estimates of the employment implications of the Paris Climate Agreement, of large increases in global tariffs and of radical automation. It also measures the return of previously offshored jobs to Europe. Other research examines how the deepening globalisation provides opportunities for small companies to engage in international supply chains. This final report summarises the 10 project reports, which are complemented by 47 case studies, 27 policy instruments and 4 associated publications.