[行业报告] Ending hunger in Asia and the Pacific by 2030: An assessment of investment requirements in agriculture 进入全文
About 518 million people in Asia and the Pacific suffered from hunger in 2017—1 million more than in the previous year. Farmers face challenges such as shrinking natural resources, degrading environments, and declining labor availability in addition to climate change and financial non-viability. The demand for food and nutrition is also increasing. With all this, more investment in agriculture is needed to accomplish Sustainable Development Goal 2—ending hunger and malnutrition by 2030. In the report, findings presented were taken from the analysis of recent trends in food security, gross domestic product, and population growth as well as agricultural supply, demand, and trade.
In the effort to eliminate poverty worldwide, policies that address rural poverty must be central. The global rural poverty rate is higher than the urban poverty rate, and rural residents account for 80% of the extremely poor. Revitalizing rural areas so that they are productive, sustainable and healthy places to learn, work, and live can have a tremendous impact on global poverty. Revitalizing rural areas to strengthen the connection between rural and urban economies can spur growth and diversify the farm and non-farm sectors to contribute to poverty reduction. Rural areas have the potential to become hubs of innovation and to drive the transformation of food systems and overall livelihoods.
[前沿资讯] Poor in Africa south of the Sahara face rising disproportionate risks from extreme weather 进入全文
Weather shocks driven by climate change pose huge and still uncertain risks to the world’s poor. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, “For many kinds of disruption, from crop failure caused by drought to sickness and death from heat waves, the main risks are in the extremes, with changes in average conditions representing a climate with altered timing, intensity, and types of extremes.” In a study published in World Development, we show that extreme precipitation could have disproportionately negative consequences on poverty levels in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA), including reducing food availability and agricultural income and increasing commodity prices. Unexpectedly, dry spells seem to have a comparatively uncertain impact on welfare conditions.