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[前沿资讯] 中粮巴西:继续扩张 进入全文

中国农业信息网

巴西当地媒体报道,虽然巴西大部分的糖厂都受到了疫情的冲击,但是中粮国际仍在有条不紊的推进着扩张计划,加大对田间和生产的投入。中粮国际在巴西有4家糖厂,由于重视原料供应,资金投入量比较大,本榨季的单产估计可达6.6吨/亩,远远高出整个南巴西5吨/亩的平均水平——8年前,中粮国际糖厂所在的蔗区,单产4.67吨/亩。本榨季预计入榨甘蔗量1700万吨,比去年增加200万吨。70%的甘蔗用于产糖,产糖量估计可达150万吨,增幅为50%。按照中粮的计划,2024年要实现入榨甘蔗量2100万吨,足以跨进世界前5强之列。 

[前沿资讯] 中国海水稻“拓荒”助力全球粮食供应安全 进入全文

中国农业信息网

中国工程院院士袁隆平在5日举行的海水稻全国联合插秧活动上表示,2020年中国海水稻的推广面积将达到10万亩。盐碱地上长出的粮食,正悄然走上千家万户的餐桌。此次联合插秧活动由袁隆平院士海水稻团队组织发起,山东青岛、潍坊、青海格尔木、浙江温州等四地同时启动,全国多处盐碱地开始孕育丰收的希望。“今年将开展盐碱地改造100万亩,力争在全国布局1000万亩的盐碱地改造项目,为带动全国改造一亿亩打下坚实的基础。”连线视频中,袁隆平的发言掷地有声。

[学术文献] Climate risk management strategies and food security: Evidence from Cambodian rice farmers 进入全文

Food Policy

This study investigates the adoption of three climate-resilient strategies (3CRS), drought/flood-resistant rice varieties, integrated pest management (IPM) practices, and weather advisory; the impact of 3CRS on food security, namely, productivity and profits of the Cambodian paddy farmers. Using endogenous switching regression (ESR) approach and household survey from Cambodian farmers, the study finds a low adoption rate (14%) of 3CRS. The low adoption of 3CRS means missing opportunities for rice farmers. Access to information through training and input suppliers is found to increase the adoption of 3CRS. The adoption of 3CRS increases rice yields and profits by 36% and 45%, respectively. Additionally, if nonadopters adopted 3CRS, rice yields and profits would increase by 55% and 52%, respectively. Findings suggest the development of institutional capacity, implementation, and dissemination of knowledge of climatic changes, and adaptation strategies to increase food security.

[前沿资讯] Global economy faces a tightrope walk to recovery 进入全文

OECD

The Covid-19 pandemic has triggered the most severe recession in nearly a century and is causing enormous damage to people’s health, jobs and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. As restrictions begin to ease, the path to economic recovery remains highly uncertain and vulnerable to a second wave of infections. Strengthening healthcare systems and supporting people and businesses to help adapt to a post-Covid world will be crucial, it says. The containment measures brought in by most governments were necessary to slow the spread of the virus and limit the death toll, but they have also closed down business activity in many sectors and caused widespread economic hardship.    

[学术文献] Rural In-Migration and Agricultural Development: Evidence from Zambia 进入全文

Agricultural Economics

While a considerable body of literature has developed in recent years around the drivers and consequences of rural out‐migration in sub‐Saharan Africa, relatively little work has been done to understand the impacts of migration into rural areas. We use nationally representative household survey data from Zambia to explore the relationship between rural in‐migration and agricultural productivity outcomes in receiving communities. We document high levels of rural in‐migration throughout Zambia—12% of rural household heads having moved from elsewhere within the previous 10 years—with two‐thirds of rural in‐migrants originating from other rural areas. Migrants are, on average, better endowed with capital resources than their nonmigrant neighbors and are more engaged with input and output markets. After controlling for other factors, we find that higher rates of rural in‐migration are associated with greater agricultural productivity outcomes in receiving communities. These positive associations are particularly pronounced in more remote rural areas, and where in‐migration originates from other rural areas. Taken together, our results suggest that rural in‐migrants play an important role in the rural transformation processes underway in Zambia.

[前沿资讯] 世界粮食价格下跌 进入全文

中国农业信息网

乌克兰独立新闻社6月4日消息,联合国粮农组织发布消息,由于粮食供应充足,而疫情造成需求减弱,世界粮食价格已连续四个月持续下降,目前降至17个月来的最低点。今年5月,世界粮价环比下跌1.9%,降至2018年12月的水平。乳制品价格环比下降7.3%,同比下降近20%。粮农组织指出,这是由于进口需求减少以及季节性因素造成的。同时,由于石油价格上涨以及世界最大产糖国印度和第二大食糖出口国泰国的产量下降,糖价环比上涨7.4%。5月肉类价格环比下降0.8%,同比下降3.6%。谷物价格下跌1%,植物油下跌2.8%,跌至10个月来的最低点。粮农组织专家预测,新一季全球谷物产量将增长2.6%,达到创纪录的27.8亿吨。 

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