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[学术文献] 日韩海外农业投资的比较及对中国“一带一路”建设的启示 进入全文

经济社会体制比较

目前全球的海外农业投资模式基本可以分为日本模式和韩国模式两种。韩国模式采用风险较大、成功率很小的直接土地交易的模式,海外农业投资失败的案例居多,而日本采用订单农业、合同农业和参股并购的方式与当地企业合作,从而顺利地进入当地市场,减少了阻力和风险。就中国海外农业投资模式而言,在战略上应更多地借鉴、学习日本模式,吸取韩国模式的教训,使中国农业“走出去”之路更加顺利高效,更好地服务国家的“一带一路”建设,实现合作共赢。

[学术文献] 新冠肺炎疫情对全球食物安全的影响及对策 进入全文

中国农村经济

当前,新冠肺炎疫情已在全球扩散,许多本就因为冲突、自然灾害或气候变化而深陷食物不安全的国家和地区的防疫形势也日益严峻。虽然目前全球食物供给总体充足,食物价格稳定,但疫情的快速蔓延将给全球食物安全带来威胁。由于隔离和边境关闭,市场、供应链和贸易受到波及,全球食物的供给受到影响。食物流通渠道可能因运输中断和更加严格的检疫措施而受阻,运输成本和贸易成本增加、效率降低。一些国家为保障国内食物供应而采取限制出口的行为,将影响依赖于粮食进口的国家进口粮食,也不利于依赖于出口初级农产品的低收入发展中国家出口农产品。封锁措施带来的经济影响使居民收入和购买力下降,居民获得充足的营养食物变得更加困难。食物安全不再是一个区域性问题,而是一个需要共同应对的全球性问题,各国应当共同努力,加强合作和全球治理,对最弱势群体采取迅速的保护和援助措施。既要确保国内食物供应链的正常运行,同时,应该保持贸易开放,并利用和创新电子商务保障食物供应,保障全球粮食安全。

[学术文献] “一带一路”农业国际合作背景下国内紧缺农产品进口渠道拓展研究 进入全文

农业经济

"一带一路"农业国际合作为我国解决国内紧缺农产品问题创造了有利条件,我国可以充分利用农业技术比较优势与沿线国家进行农业多元合作,构建更为多元化的农产品供给体系。采取多种措施拓展紧缺农产品进口渠道,加强与"一带一路"沿线重点国家在农业资源开发、农产品生产与加工、农业基础设施建设、农产品运输网络等多方面合作,逐步实现农产品进口渠道的多元化。 

[学术文献] “一带一路”倡议下中哈农产品贸易发展特征、阻碍及应对策略 进入全文

价格月刊

"一带一路"倡议为中哈两国农产品贸易发展带来了新机遇,双方农产品贸易发展势头良好,贸易额稳步攀升,但也呈现贸易规模不大、贸易结构单一、贸易壁垒较多等现实特征,贸易障碍依然较多。对此,笔者从"一带一路"倡议出发,以中哈农产品贸易现状及特征为切入点,在剖析双边农产品贸易发展面临的阻碍因素基础上,提出进一步深化双方农产品贸易合作的应对策略。 

[学术文献] The state of rice value chain upgrading in West Africa 进入全文

Global Food Security

Following the food price crisis in 2008, African governments implemented policies aiming at crowding in investment in rice value chain upgrading to help domestic rice compete with imports. We assess the state of rice value chain upgrading in West Africa by reviewing evidence on rice millers’ investment in semi-industrial and industrial milling technologies, contract farming and vertical integration during the post-crisis period 2009–2019. We find that upgrading is more dynamic in countries with high rice production and import bills and limited comparative advantage in demand. However, scaling of upgrading faces several challenges in terms of vertical coordination, technology, finance and policies. Our assessment can help value chain actors and policy makers refine upgrading strategies and policies to increase food security in West Africa.

[学术文献] Agriculture–nutrition linkages with heterogeneous, unobserved returns and costs: Insights from Tajikistan 进入全文

Agricultuural Economics

Agriculture–nutrition linkages (ANLs) have been increasingly investigated in the literature. However, nutritional returns and costs of household agricultural production practices (APPs) in semisubsistence settings are poorly understood. We fill these knowledge gaps using pooled cross‐section data sets in Tajikistan, where semisubsistence farming and undernutrition coexist despite relatively good agricultural infrastructure and education systems. Agricultural diversification, yield enhancement, production expansion are positively associated with various nutritional outcomes, particularly in areas with poor food market access. Decomposition exercises suggest that nutritional returns and costs of these APPs vary across households, and the adoption of APPs is driven by the expected nutritional returns. In Tajikistan, improving nutrition through household ANLs requires growing the smallholder agricultural sector in multiple dimensions, including diversification, intensification, and expansion, while also understanding better the pathways of ANLs and addressing bottlenecks at appropriate stages of such pathways.

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