he weather has generally been good for the early planted corn in the core production regions, but less than adequate in the southern and western locations. Farmers in Argentina are making late changes and switching some of their intended corn acreage to soybeans instead out of fear of increased export taxes under the new administration that will take power on December 10th. In fact, the Buenos Aires Grain Exchange reduced their 2019/20 corn acreage this week by 100,000 hectares to 6.3 million hectares. The 2019/20 corn in Argentina was 45.7% planted late last week according to the Buenos Aires Grain Exchange. This represented an advance of 1.4% for the week and the corn planting is slower than average In the core production areas, the corn is 95% planted with 30-60% planted in southern Argentina and very little corn planted in far northern Argentina. The early corn is rated 0% very poor, 3.8% poor, 49.5% fair, 41.3% good, and 5.4% excellent, which is a slight improvement compared to last week. The soil moisture for the corn is rated 18.7 short to very short and 28.6 optimum to surplus, which was a dryer than last week. Approximately 2-3% of the early planted corn in Argentina has started to pollinate.
China's performance in agricultural research frontier, agricultural sci-tech papers and patents ranks second in the world, according to the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS). A report released at the Forum 2019 on Science and Technology for Agricultural and Rural Development in China, which opened on Wednesday in Nanjing, capital of east China's Jiangsu Province, shows China follows only the United States in terms of contribution and influence in the frontiers of agricultural research. The report by the Agricultural Information Institute of the CAAS analyzed the performances of 10 major countries, including the United States, Britain, China, Germany and France. Among the 62 research subjects and frontier fields, China ranked first in the fields of agricultural resources and environment and agricultural information and engineering, and second and third in the fields of crops, livestock, veterinary medicine and agricultural produce processing. However, China's performance in the research of plant protection, forestry and fisheries lagged behind leading nations, says the report.
Telefonica announced that the 'Peru Smart Agro 4.0' project carried out in collaboration with the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has surpassed its objectives a year after launching. In a statement, the company said the smart agriculture initiative to improve the production of small cotton farmers by promoting efficient use of water through technology helped three farms increase their productivity by up to 77 percent, more than double the 35 percent goal. A total of three pilots were carried out in Ica and Lambayeque, all of which used ICT to improve crop irrigation. Probes, soil moisture sensors and a weather station were installed to boost productivity and enable the farmers to make better decisions related to irrigation using the data gathered, said Telefonica. The project is part of the three-year framework deal signed by Telefonica and FAO last year to work together on innovation, digitalisation and data analysis initiatives in the Latin American agricultural sector.
Climate change continues to make headlines, as its impacts are felt by people and the planet in unprecedented ways. Farmers aren’t spared, as more frequent extreme weather events affect productivity of crops and livestock, and drive down incomes. As climate change intensifies, the food system will continue to be among the sectors that is the most vulnerable. Agriculture is also a major part of the climate problem, generating 19-29% of total GHG emissions. More and more countries are seeing climate-smart agriculture (CSA) as a solution. CSA is an integrated approach to managing landscapes that boosts productivity, enhances resilience and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. As one of the biggest financiers of agriculture, the World Bank works with countries in their efforts to scale up climate-smart agriculture.