This biannual report includes data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in dairy products. Covers cow’s milk, cheese, butter, skim milk powder and whole milk powder. Prospects for U.S. dairy exporters have improved markedly as 2020 exports of skimmed milk powder (SMP) are expected to grow by 5 percent to reach 718,000 tons. Further, the fiscal year trade forecast is raised by $300 million to $5.8 billion largely as a result of higher export volumes and prices for skimmed milk products such as SMP and whey. So far this year, although the volume shipped has lagged last year’s pace, the value of U.S. exports of SMP are up 12 percent year-over-year (YOY) through September 2019 and accounted for about 25 percent of the total value of U.S. dairy exports.
Rice export prices declined 1-4 percent, particularly for fragrant and parboiled rice, due mainly to the weakening of the Thai baht. The Thai baht depreciated to 30.19 baht/U.S. $1.00 from the previous week’s exchange rate of 30.09 baht/U.S. $1.00. Additionally, farm-gate prices of paddy rice remain under downward pressure, while MY2019/20 main rice crop harvest is underway. Under the MY2019/20 Paddy Rice Price Guarantee Program, farmers who harvested main rice crop during December 1-7, 2019, will receive 2,454 baht per metric ton (U.S. $81/MT) for white paddy rice; 1,661 baht per metric ton (U.S. $55/MT) for Pathumthani fragrant paddy rice; 517 baht per metric ton (U.S. $17/MT) for Hom Mali fragrant paddy rice; and 405 baht per metric ton (U.S. $13/MT) for Provincial fragrant paddy rice as the market prices were lower than the guarantee prices (Table 2). This is the first time farmers who grow premium fragrant paddy rice (Hom Mali and Provincial fragrant rice) will receive compensation since the price guarantee program began on October 15, 2019.
The pilot project The Future of Manufacturing in Europe is an explorative and future-oriented study. It explores the future adoption of some key game-changing technologies and how this adoption can be promoted, even regionally. The analysis of implications for working life focuses primarily on tasks and skills, not only at the white-collar, tertiary-education level, but also for blue-collar occupations, including a focus on challenges facing national and company apprenticeship systems. The future orientation also includes quantitative estimates of the employment implications of the Paris Climate Agreement, of large increases in global tariffs and of radical automation. It also measures the return of previously offshored jobs to Europe. Other research examines how the deepening globalisation provides opportunities for small companies to engage in international supply chains. This final report summarises the 10 project reports, which are complemented by 47 case studies, 27 policy instruments and 4 associated publications.
This report highlights recent social and economic conditions in rural America, focusing on trends in population, employment, poverty, and income. This report focuses on demographic and socioeconomic trends after the end of the Great Recession in 2009. Varying demographic and socioeconomic trends are evident for different places along the rural-urban continuum. Between 2010 and 2018, population grew in metro counties and in nonmetro areas having more urban population, while population declined in other types of nonmetro counties. Employment grew in all types of counties except for completely rural, nonadjacent counties, but grew more slowly in all types of nonmetro counties than in metro counties. In addition to slower population growth, lower rates of labor force participation in nonmetro areas—due to an older, less educated population that is more likely to be disabled—also contributed to slower employment growth in nonmetro than in metro areas. Poverty rates are highest in the most rural, isolated settings, and the gap between poverty rates in these and other settings has grown. Even so, poverty rates have declined since 2013 in all types of nonmetro counties.
African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating hemorrhagic viral disease of pigs, affecting domestic and wild pigs of all ages and sexes. The disease is the cause of major economic losses, threatens food security and safe trade, and challenges sustained swine production in affected countries. Since ASF emergence in Georgia in 2007, the disease has spread to many countries in Europe and in 2018 was detected in East Asia, where over 60 percent of global domestic pig inventories are found. The spread of the African swine virus genotype II into the Eurasiatic wild pig population was unprecedented; the increased densities in wild pig that had taken place in eastern and central Europe over the past few decades was a prime environment for the ASF virus to expand its geographical distributional range. Climate change and extensive cereal production enhanced local wild pig densities and expanded their geographical distribution. Besides these general tendencies, hunting management boosted wildlife abundance by curbing the hunting of wild sows thereby maintaining or increasing the localreproductive stock. They created winter feeding areas aimed at preventing the once-typical demographic crashes of the wild pig populations due to scarce food availability determined by the forest tree seed (mast) cycles. These areas promoted higher fecundity and fertility parameters. As a result, in most of Eurasia, wild pig management practices have artificially increased both abundance and geographical distribution of wild boars by bypassing the natural carrying capacity of the environment.