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[行业报告] How African Swine Fever in China Is Shaking Up World Trade Flows 进入全文

GRO

From Brazil to Canada to France, China has expanded trade relations to help ensure it has adequate supplies of meat while it rides out the African swine fever crisis. In recent weeks China has accelerated steps both at home and abroad to head off pork shortages and stem rising prices. Although African swine fever was first reported in China more than a year ago, it wasn’t until months later that the depth of the crisis became apparent. To secure more meat imports, China has forged new trade ties and patched up problematic old ones. At home, the country has retrofitted pork processing plants to boost production of other meats. And it has leaned on institutional facilities, such as schools and hotels, to shift meal offerings to chicken instead of pork. The measures appear to be having some success, and retail pork prices in China, which hit a recent peak in late October, have since dropped by 20%.

[行业报告] Brazil Heads for Record Soybean Crop Amid Plans for Further Expansion 进入全文

GRO

Brazil’s soybean crop appears headed for record production this year, giving a boost to the South American country’s long-term pursuit of dominance in the global soybean market. Brazil has taken advantage of the US-China trade war to continue its drive for soybean expansion, even as US farmers retrench. The South American country has added 65% to its soybean planted area in the past decade, with 3% growth expected this year. Crop yields are also forecast to move higher, following gains totaling 23% in the past 10 years. And Brazil is giving high priority to internal logistics, such as improving key transportation routes and expanding port capacity, to smooth the path of getting its soybeans to world markets. This year, Brazil’s crop size is expected to best the US by a stunning 27%. By contrast, US output topped Brazil’s by 10% as recently as 2015. To be sure, China has played a big role in those countries’ reversed positions. Beijing has levied tariffs on US soybeans as part of the trade war and has proposed a billion-dollar investment in Brazilian infrastructure to secure long-term supply of the soybeans it needs.

[行业报告] Youth and jobs in rural Africa: Beyond stylized facts 进入全文

IFPRI

The share of working-age young people in Africa south of the Sahara has risen due to past declines in mortality coupled with high fertility. This “youth bulge” has created a sense of urgency among national governments and the international development community as the prospect of widespread youth unemployment in Africa, and the social instability and political unrest it could bring, looms closer. As a result, African governments are under pressure to create more and better jobs for the region’s young and rapidly growing population. Although the scale of policy reforms and actions needed to address Africa’s youth bulge is daunting, there is an increasing alignment of interests and incentives: African governments have made youth employment a policy priority, and African youth are demanding policies that improve their job prospects. This creates promising opportunities to enact policies that effectively address rural youth employment—policies that are grounded in local evidence rather than stylized facts.

[行业报告] 《中国数字乡村发展报告(2019)》发布 进入全文

农业农村部

11月15日,《中国数字乡村发展报告(2019)》在2019年数字农业农村发展论坛上发布。报告在中央网信办信息化发展局、农业农村部市场与信息化司指导下,由农业农村信息化专家咨询委员会编制。当前,新一代信息技术创新空前活跃,不断催生新产品、新模式、新业态,推动全球经济格局和产业形态深度变革,为数字乡村发展创造了前所未有的重大机遇。党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央作出一系列重要战略部署。《中共中央国务院关于实施乡村振兴战略的意见》和《乡村振兴战略规划(2018—2022年)》提出,要实施数字乡村战略,大力发展数字农业。2019年5月,中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅印发《数字乡村发展战略纲要》,明确将数字乡村作为乡村振兴的战略方向,加快信息化发展,整体带动和提升农业农村现代化发展。各地各部门坚决贯彻落实党中央、国务院部署要求,扎实推动数字乡村建设,取得了阶段性成效。《中国数字乡村发展报告(2019)》全面总结了我国数字乡村建设的阶段性进展和经验探索,分析了当前面临的形势,展望了未来发展前景,是对当前数字乡村发展情况的集中呈现。  

[行业报告] Thailand Biofuels Annual-2019 进入全文

USDA

The new 20-year AEDP (2018 – 2037), which was approved by the Cabinet on April 30, 2019, is likely to lower the biofuel consumption target. The biofuel price subsidy will be phased out during 2020 – 2022 under the new State Oil Fund Act, which was enacted on September 24, 2019. Ethanol production and consumption for 2019 is expected to continue to increase, albeit at a slower pace than 2017 due to the delay in the cessation of Octane 91 E10 sales. Biodiesel production and consumption is expected to grow by 12 and 11 percent respectively in 2019.

[行业报告] 《数说新中国70年农业农村巨变》发布 进入全文

中华人民共和国农业农村部

11月14日,农业农村部市场与信息化司在江西南昌发布《数说新中国70年农业农村巨变》,用一系列数据展示了新中国成立70年来“三农”领域的重大方针政策、改革实践和辉煌成就,回顾70年来中国农业农村的发展历程,以实际行动献礼新中国成立70周年。这也是首次利用数据对我国70年农业农村发展进行全面系统梳理。数据显示,1949年—2018年我国粮食总产量增长了4.8倍,农业生产稳步增长,农业产业结构逐步优化;1949年—2018年主要农机年末拥有量增长超过15万倍,1978年—2018年综合机械化率提高了近50%,农业现代化水平稳步提高,实现了从主要依靠人力、畜力到主要依靠机械动力的历史性转变;1994年—2018年家庭承包耕地流转总面积增长近60倍,新型农业经营主体规模扩大,农业农村改革继续深化;2002年—2018年,农产品贸易总额增长了约6.1倍,农产品国际贸易快速发展,农产品市场对外全面开放。此外,2018年农村互联网普及率达38.4%,农产品网络零售额达2305亿元,农业农村信息化不断深入;2008年—2018年休闲农业和乡村旅游接待人数增长了5倍,营业收入增长了13倍;1949年—2018年农村居民人均可支配收入增长了331.2倍,1954年—2018年人均消费支出增长了202.4倍;农村居民居住环境大幅改善,农村面貌焕然一新,各项农村社会保障也更加完善。本次发布的一系列数据报告涵盖了农业生产、农村改革、农民生活等各个方面,数据量大而详实,内容丰富而全面。特别注意的是,还采用了专业的数据分析技术,配合可视化处理手段,图文并茂、生动直观、可读性强。详情请见附件PPT版《数说新中国70年农业农村巨变》。

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