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[前沿资讯] U.S. corn, soybean crops are still going backward, USDA says 进入全文

AgroNews

The U.S. corn and soybean crops conditions deteriorate, according to the USDA’s weekly Crop Progress Report released Monday.  The overall condition of the corn crop is rated at 56% good to excellent in the top 18 corn producing states, lower than 57% a week ago and 68% a year ago. The USDA pegged 95% of the corn crop was in the silk stage, compared with a 99% five-year average. Also, 55% of the corn has entered the dough stage vs. a 76% five-year average. USDA rated the crop in the dent stage at 15% vs. 30% five-year average. For folks keeping track at home, the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) reported, Monday, that Texas farmers have harvested 26% of their corn crop vs. 51% a year ago and a 44% five-year average. Mississippi farmers have 8% of their corn crop picked vs. 19% a year ago and a 20% five-year average. Also, Arkansas farmers have harvested 4% of their 2019 corn vs. 5% a year ago and an 8% five-year average.  The nation’s crop is rated 53% good/excellent compared with 54% a week ago and 65% a year ago. Also, 90% of the soybean crop is blooming vs. a 96% five-year average. The USDA pegged the amount of soybeans setting pods at 68%, well below a five-year average of 85%. The U.S. winter wheat harvest is 93% complete vs. a 98% five-year average. Meanwhile, the U.S. spring wheat crop is rated as 70% good/excellent vs. 69% a week ago.

[前沿资讯] Putting the Cart before the Horse, India Agri policy 进入全文

AgroNews

The 2019 union budget has neither proposed any bold policy moves, nor any big allocations for investments in the agri-food sector. What it has is massive welfare programmes, predominantly the remnants of its predecessor government’s welfare policies. It appears that India has already become a welfare state before generating enough wealth. Has the budget for the agricultural sector actually put the cart before the horse? Every finance minister wants their first budget to be a path-breaking one in giving fresh impetus to the economy, unleashing the “animal spirits” of the investor community and above all, raising the overall economic growth with due safety and stability. In this aspect, the first budget speech of the union finance minister, Nirmala Sitharaman, if not pioneering, is definitely resplendent in laying out a 10-point vision for making “a $5 trillion economy of India by 2024.” Such a vision about the evolution of the economy cannot be accomplished merely by crunching numbers in the budget, but requires relevant policy initiatives, some of which Sitharaman’s budget had incorporated. Yet it is hard to dismiss that the feasibility of such massive transformational planning does call for some evidence-based policymaking at the various levels of governance. In this context, one thing that is expected of the finance minister is to bring trust and transparency in the numbers/estimates accounted in the budget. However, the veracity of the estimates of some crucial macroeconomic indicators presented in this budget—such as the fiscal deficit—has been a matter of contention. 

[前沿资讯] 四川省乐山市落实八大措施 加强产地环境保护与治理 进入全文

中华人民共和国农业农村部

一是加强农田和耕地污染防治。严格控制在优先保护类耕地集中区域新建有色金属矿采选、有色金属冶炼、石油加工、化工、焦化、电镀、制革、天然(页岩)气开采、铅蓄电池、汽车制造、农药、电子拆解、危险废物处置和涉重金属等行业企业。 二是实施化肥农药使用量持续减量行动。大力推广测土配方施肥、水肥一体化、机械施肥等技术,开展化肥减量增效示范和果菜茶有机肥替代化肥试点。三是强化饲料质量和兽用药监管。规范限量使用饲料添加剂,减量使用兽用抗菌药物。四是完善秸秆综合利用和禁烧制度。大力推进秸秆肥料化、饲料化、基料化、燃料化、原料化利用,推进秸秆全域综合利用试点示范。五是建立畜禽粪污资源化利用制度。大力推广农牧结合生态治理模式,实现畜禽养殖粪污的异地还田利用。六是健全病死畜禽无害化处理体系。按照“统一收集暂存、集中无害化处理”的原则,推进集中无害化处理。七是加强农膜生产源头、营销和使用管控。推动农用薄膜行业生产按新标准实施。八是建立农药包装废弃物回收和集中处理体系。在粮经作物主产区整建制推进农药包装废弃物回收试点,探索建立农药包装废弃物回收机制。

[前沿资讯] 庄浪县着力打造畜沼果循环农业 进入全文

中华人民共和国农业农村部

庄浪县以发展绿色、环保、无公害农业为目标,加快畜禽养殖废弃物综合利用和无害化处理,大力推行畜、沼、果生态循环农业模式,走出了一条种养深度融合、一体经营,生态、环保、可持续的发展之路。养殖场将产生的粪便废物通过地下管网输送到沼气站,通过发酵将沼渣沼液免费提供给果农,实现畜牧产业废弃物循环利用。除了沼渣沼液直接还田外,庄浪县还对畜禽养殖废弃物进行深加工。先后建成了银海生物肥料科技有限公司和葫阳生物科技有限公司,两套2万吨有机肥生产线,年可处理畜禽养殖粪污20万吨以上,并且通过与大中型规模养殖场签订粪污收购协议的方式,将养殖场产生的粪污及时收购清理,生产高效有机肥。截至目前,全县牛、猪、鸡饲养量分别达到9.5万头,16.3万头和127万只,粪污总量为76.7万吨。通过自然堆肥发酵还田、生产沼气和有机肥,资源化利用总量56万吨,利用率达73%。

[前沿资讯] 山西今年将打造6个秸秆综合利用“样板县” 进入全文

中华人民共和国农业农村部

 近日,山西省农业农村厅近日出台《山西省2019年农作物秸秆综合利用试点工作实施方案》,提出今年将利用中央财政农业资源及生态保护资金4705万元,开展秸秆综合利用试点工作,重点打造6个秸秆综合利用的“样板县”。山西省农业农村厅相关负责人表示,按照农业农村部“集中投入,整县推进”的要求,山西将中央财政资金4705万元下达到6个市,由市遴选确定项目县并将资金分配到县。具体为临汾市浮山县784万元、运城市稷山县785万元、晋城市高平市784万元、忻州市原平市784万元、晋中市祁县784万元、长治市上党区784万元。支持对象为从事秸秆肥料化、饲料化、燃料化、基料化、原料化利用及农机专业服务的企业、农民专业合作社、社会化服务组织。据介绍,补助资金主要用于补助试点县秸秆综合利用项目设施设备费用、收储运站(点)费用、田间作业费用、离田加工利用费用、终端监测设备费用、示范观摩现场会以及人员参加培训等费用。

[前沿资讯] 田野刮起“绿色”防控风 进入全文

中华人民共和国农业农村部

 实施农药减量增效,发展绿色生态农业,既是打好污染防治攻坚战的要求,也是实现农业高质量发展的有效途径。近几年,长春市依托“控、替、精、统”四大技术手段,在田间管理上集成推广以理化诱控、生物防治为主的绿色防控和统防统治模式。仅今年,长春市农业农村局就投入700万元推广此模式,进一步促进农业提质增效。控: 以虫治虫。私人订制的稻米不上化肥、不打农药,通过生物防治技术保证水稻的健康,除了人工除草和放养麻鸭除草,还使用飞蛾诱捕器进行生物防螟。替: 无毒替有毒。用高效低毒农药替代高毒高用量农药、用生物农药替代化学农药,收到很好的生态环保效果。精: 无人机精准作业。随着无人机轰鸣而过,药物均匀地喷洒到水稻叶面上,高效的飞防作业让在场群众连连称赞。长春市还对田间管理进行统防统治,即统一用药时间、统一用药品种、统一施药方式、统一技术服务,在保证用药技术要求的基础上,保证了用药的时效性。

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