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[前沿资讯] US farm bankruptcies spike up 24% in September 进入全文

AgroNews

U.S. farm bankruptcies in September surged 24% to the highest since 2011 amid strains from President Donald Trump's trade war with China and a year of wild weather. Growers are also becoming increasingly dependent on trade aid and other federal programs for income, figures showed in a report by the American Farm Bureau Federation, the nation's largest general farm organization. The squeeze on farmers underscores the toll China's retaliatory tariffs have taken on a critical Trump constituency as the president enters a re-election campaign and a fight to stave off impeachment. The figures also highlight the importance of a "phase one" deal the administration is currently negotiating with Beijing to increase agriculture imports in return for a pause in escalating U.S. levies. Almost 40% of projected farm profit this year will come from trade aid, disaster assistance, federal subsidies and insurance payments, according to the report, based on Department of Agriculture forecasts. That's $33 billion of a projected $88 billion in income. The trade war and two straight years of adverse weather rattled farmers already facing commodity price slumps. 

[前沿资讯] Agriculture occupies 41% of Brazil's total land area 进入全文

AgroNews

The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) recently released their Agricultural Census 2017 which indicated that agriculture occupied 41% of Brazil's land area. Brazil has a total land area of 851.4 million hectares (2.1 billion acres) with a total of 5,073,324 farming operations which occupy 351.2 million hectares (867.4 million acres) or 41% of Brazil's total land area. Compared to ten years earlier, the agricultural area in Brazil increased 5.8% while the number of farming operations declined 102,312. The census was conducted between October 1, 2017 and February 28, 2018 and data was collected on 7.5 million addresses. The number of large farming operations increased especially in the northern agricultural frontier areas while the number of farming operations decreased in northeastern Brazil due to periodic droughts over the last ten years. The percent of the types of agricultural operations were as follows: 15.8% annual crops, 2.2% permanent crops, 31.9% planted pastures, 13.4% natural pastures, 30.3% natural forested areas within the farming operations, 2.4% planted forestry plantations. A striking take away from the census data is how little of Brazil is dedicated to row crop production. Only approximately 7% of Brazil's land area is dedicated to row crop production with soybeans being the main crop. That means there is tremendous potential for the expansion of soybean acreage in the future if there are favorable market conditions. According to the Brazilian Minister of Agriculture, Brazil is currently the third largest food producer in the world and it will continue to gain market share for the foreseeable future.

[前沿资讯] International Institute of Tropical Agriculture unveils digital tools for agricultural transformation 进入全文

AgroNews

The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) on Friday unveiled a suite digital tools that are helping in transforming farming, improving yield and livelihoods of farmers. The digital tools include the cassava, Goseed and yam seed trackers; Akilimo, IITA Herbicide Calculator, e-commerce site and IITA News App. The seed trackers are mobile platforms designed to help in seed production planning, seed traceability, seed inventory, real-time tracking of production status, seed certification, marketing, information resources, among others. The IITA Herbicide Calculator is a mobile app that was developed by the Cassava Weed Management Project and deployed across Nigeria and other African countries and is being used in controlling weeds in cassava.  The App helps growers to estimate correct amount of herbicides to be added to knapsack sprayers, helping farmers to avoid underdosing or overdosing which leads to environmental pollution and weeds resistance. Akilimo on the other hand, is a mobile agronomy advisory tool developed by the African Cassava Agronomy Initiative (ACAI) that combines weed management/best plantig, fertilizer recommendations, scheduled planting.

[前沿资讯] 开州:推广“藕虾混养”生态立体种植养殖模式 废水塘变增收致富“聚宝盆” 进入全文

中华人民共和国农业农村部

经过近3年的摸索发展,如今,莲藕和小龙虾已经能在同一片水塘里和谐共生,不仅创新了当地农业发展模式,还拓宽了当地老百姓的经济增长渠道,已经成为当地另一个稳定的经济增长点。实施的‘藕虾混养’种植养殖模式,既生态又环保,目前种植养殖面积达到440亩,有利于农业生产发展。从产业发展情况来看,实施“藕虾混养”种植养殖模式是在农业单产收益中发展较好的一个产业,他们将积极推广,让更多村民从中获益,逐步走上致富路。

[前沿资讯] 彭水: 绿色发展乡村美 产业兴旺民更富 进入全文

中华人民共和国农业农村部

阳光下的重庆彭水苗族土家族自治县桑柘镇李家社区房屋林立、道路通达,家家繁花掩映,处处产业兴旺,景农一体、产村相融,犹如一幅天蓝、水清、树绿、地净的美丽画卷,释放出蓬勃发展的无限活力。花园草坪美如画,自来泉水逐户通。村道硬化千家赞,路灯高悬万户明。环境治理面貌变,行人行车乐融融。社区快速推动改厕、改厨、硬化院坝等,在设计上,严格落实一户一案,实地丈量、规划,确保改造效果好,群众认可,真正让老百姓满意。推行‘零污染村庄’建设,有效激发出了广大村民的积极性和参与度,弘扬了正能量,提升了聚合力。开展垃圾分类行动,推广环保酵素制作,让垃圾变废为宝。推广环境卫生典型示范。发展适宜当地的气候、水质、土壤等环境条件的产业,首选就是发展中药材。公司建立了占地3500平方米的中药材加工厂,对药材进行初加工,形成一个完善的中药材产业链平台,实现中药材的生产、加工、销售一条龙服务,以中药材产业发展带动群众脱贫致富。

[前沿资讯] 辽宁:优化辽西北地区农村产业结构 推动农业提档升级 进入全文

中华人民共和国农业农村部

农村产业结构调整是农业现代化发展和提升农业质量效益与竞争力的要求,也是乡村振兴战略中产业振兴的需要。辽宁省推进辽西北地区农村产业结构调整要聚焦重点产业,聚集资源要素,强化创新引领,培育特色产业,加快融合发展,推动农业提档升级、提质增效。现代农业发展到今天,结构性问题已成为突出矛盾,主要表现在品种结构、生产结构、产业结构、区域结构等方面。理清发展思路,适应市场需求,优化品种结构;协调农牧结合,优化生产结构;促进一二三产融合,优化产业结构;科学合理布局,优化区域结构,实现现代农业绿色提质增效,促进乡村产业振兴。依托农业科技创新调整农村产业结构已成当务之急。在巩固提高传统优势产业核心技术竞争力的基础上,探索农业信息技术、物联网、互联网等先进技术在主导产业中的推广应用,大力发展数字农业、精准农业和智慧农业,保障辽西北农业科技支撑体系高效运行。实施设施农业提档升级与提质增效,扶持建立一批设施农业高效生产公益示范园区,推进设施结构标准化、作物生产规范化、产品品牌化、经营产业化、管理现代化,提升产业竞争力。加快推进标准化规模养殖,加强畜产品精深加工业和品牌建设,加快推进草食畜牧业发展,补齐产业短板,促进农村产业高质量发展。以农产品加工业发展带动种养业,推动商业物流,辐射其他行业,促进辽西北农村产业振兴。要因地制宜发展特色农业,积极争取资金扶持,创新人才保障和农技供给方式,探索创建小农户和现代农业有机衔接的新模式,加快推进特色产业发展。与会辽宁省政府相关负责人表示,将认真吸纳大家的意见建议,进一步加大农村产业结构调整力度,以农产品加工业为引领,努力推进农村一、二、三产业融合发展,加快推进农业农村现代化。

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