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[前沿资讯] 棉花智能化管理技术可实现棉花生产的智能化田间管理及全程机械化生产 进入全文

中国农业科学院

近日,在棉花智能化管理技术研讨暨机采棉现场观摩会上,由中国农业科学院棉花研究所棉花轻简化与智慧农业创新团队自主研发的棉花智能化管理技术体系引发关注。针对当前我国棉花生产面临的用工繁琐,投入大,效益低的难题,棉花所棉花轻简化与智慧农业创新团队自主研发了主要包括“基于物联网棉花长势自动监测技术”“基于物联网棉田环境,光能、水分、温度自动监测技术”“棉田水肥、光能智能化控制技术”“基于可编程的数据传输、数据采集的相关硬件开发技术”和“基于作物管理的云端数据管理,自动控制远端系统”等为核心的棉花智能化管理技术体系。据团队首席李亚兵介绍,该技术体系通过物联网、云监控、传感器等现代化信息技术相互链接,可以足不出户进行长势监测与浇水、施肥等一系列田间管理,在提高棉田水肥利用率的同时,至少可以减少一半的人工,节省了人力资源的投入成本,降低了棉花生产成本;并且该技术全部由团队自主研发,大大降低了设备成本,可以使棉花智能化管理技术惠及到普通棉农,从而实现棉花生产的智能化田间管理及全程机械化生产。与会专家一致认为,棉花智能化管理技术是一项具有划时代意义的技术,突破了传统栽培的限制,利用信息技术和物联网技术,进行智能化棉花长势和环境监测与管理,大大减少了人工投入与物化投入,该技术与机采棉技术相结合,将对棉花节本增效发挥重要作用。(通讯员 梁冰)

[前沿资讯] 农业农村部发布消息:我国初步建成国家农业观测监测网络 进入全文

央视网

农业农村部昨天(10月31日)发布消息,我国围绕作物种质资源、土壤质量、植物保护、动物疫病等领域开展科学观测工作,目前已经初步建成国家农业科学观测监测网络。国家农业科学观测工作,包括对土壤、水、肥、气象等农业生产关键要素的长期系统动态监测,为推动农业科技创新提供数据支撑,为农业灾害预警提供依据。例如,今年基于各地野外观测站点对重大外来入侵害虫草地贪夜蛾开展立体监控,快速掌握了草地贪夜蛾迁飞规律,为草地贪夜蛾防控提供了技术保障。据介绍,农业农村部自2017年启动实施农业基础性长期性科技工作以来,构建了11个数据中心为“塔尖”、456个观测实验站为“中坚”、4万多个生态环境国控监测点为“塔基”的“金字塔”式观测监测网络,形成了实验观测和定点监测相结合的网络体系。农业农村部副部长余欣荣:在全国31个省区市科学布设了4万多个农产品产地土壤环境国控监测点,涵盖全部产粮大县和主要土壤类型,开展产地环境、氮磷流失、农膜残留等监测,提升了监测预警的能力和水平。

[前沿资讯] Precision Farming: AI and Automation Are Transforming Agriculture 进入全文

Data center frontier

Technology is transforming our food chain, with some of the most important innovation occurring in the rise of precision farming. Together, artificial intelligence (AI) and automation are revamping the agriculture industry, helping farmers operate efficiently and in new ways. Today’s farm is powered by data, along with a variety of devices and technologies, including sensors, GPS satellites, drones, and robots. This combination of automation and farming may mean to less friction and fewer obstacles for farmers, both for crop-based decisions and interacting with the USDA for permits. These exciting advancements, however, are not possible without dependable and scalable data centers. For example, It helps farmers know the best time to plant crops, allows researchers to investigate the best ways to meet future need, etc.

[前沿资讯] 给节水灌溉装上“中国芯” 进入全文

农民日报

在我国农业节水灌溉行业,近年来,有一家企业异军突起。它就是华维节水科技集团股份有限公司。说起华维,我国节水灌溉行业权威茆智院士赞不绝口:“华维的节水灌溉产品系列全、科技含量高,‘农抬头’水肥一体化智慧调控系统非常先进和实用。”日前,记者走进位于上海市金山区亭林工业园区的华维总部,在市场部经理牛连成的带领下,参观了华维的模具、注塑、施肥机等车间,在华维藉满腔责任倾心打造的中国第一家灌溉博物馆体验中心观看了“农抬头”智慧灌溉系统的演示。

[前沿资讯] Realizing the Conservation Benefits of Precision Agriculture 进入全文

Ag net west

The House Agriculture Committee recently held a hearing focused on realizing the conservation benefits of precision agriculture.  Vice President and General Manager of TerraNova Ranch, Don Cameron spoke to the committee on behalf of the California Farm Bureau Federation highlighting some of conservation practices his operation has implemented over the years. “Our on-farm practices include building infrastructure to implement on-farm groundwater recharge, installation of pressurized irrigation systems, installation of solar generation systems, and irrigation technologies for energy efficiency,” said Cameron. “Our diversified farming practices encourage our biological systems to be productive, beneficial, and diverse.”  Noting that not all precision agriculture practices can be applied evenly throughout the entire agricultural industry, Cameron spoke to the willingness of farmers to adopt new technologies.  Farmers require flexibility when it comes to implementing new methods of production, which can sometimes be a risky endeavor. “The adoption of processes can be extremely costly and time consuming,” said Cameron.  “It is critical that they are readily available, scientifically trialed and affordable to the operation.”

[前沿资讯] USDA Takes An Earlier Look At the Long-term Crop Forecast 进入全文

USDA

Almost unnoticed, the USDA has shifted to an earlier reference point for an arcane but important document that helps shape the federal budget and provides a first look at the likely size of next year’s crops. The change creates “additional uncertainties,” said chief economist Robert Johansson on Monday, but the overall reliability of the 10-year agricultural baseline should be little affected. In a format adopted last year, the USDA uses crop conditions and prices in October as its starting point for the long-term projections rather than conditions in November, when harvest is nearly complete in most years and markets are more settled.

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