您的位置: 首页 > 院士专题 > 专题列表

共检索到221条,权限内显示50条;

[学术文献] Weed Detection in Wheat Crop Using UAV for Precision Agriculture 进入全文

Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Agriculture plays a significant role in overall GDP of any country. So, there are several efforts those are being made to develop and increase the crop yield. In any of crop, weed i.e. (unwanted crops) is the major concern that may leads to poor production of crop. Therefore, an automatic crop monitoring system is required to monitor the weed. This system will help the farmers to monitor the crops, in gradual fashion, once it has been cultivated. Then specific Vegetation Index (VI) would be applied to locate all green portions in the image that would be part of early wheat crop or weed patches. We used Object Based Image Analysis (OBIA) algorithm to detect the weed patches in RGB and Multispectral imagery captured by UAV at 30-60 m altitude is used to acquire the images of wheat fields. Once the weed patches successfully identified from between the crop rows and within the crop rows then connected component-based classification technique is used that successfully classify the detected object either the object is related to weed patches or actual crop. The core objective of this work is to lessen the human involvement and to introduce the latest techniques and computation technology, peculiarly to identify the weed patches within the crop rows as well as between the crop rows in wheat field. Moreover, exploitation of UAV technology is also the core objective that will significantly provide the site specifically herbicides spraying.

[学术文献] 畜禽养殖环境调控与智能养殖装备技术研究进展 进入全文

中国科学院院刊

养殖环境优化调控和智能养殖技术与装备是现代规模化畜禽养殖的重要技术支撑。影响畜牧业可持续发展的生物安全问题、畜牧环保问题和畜禽产品质量安全问题都与养殖环境控制和养殖装备技术密切相关。文章重点围绕养殖环境智能调控、畜禽健康状态智能辨识和饲养过程智能管理3个技术领域,以热环境、空气质量和光照为主要环境调控因素,分析了养殖环境对畜禽健康的影响以及国内外环境调控的最新技术方法,介绍了以生理、行为、声音和个体自动化实时监测为途径的畜禽健康状态智能辨识技术,以及精准饲喂、机械清粪、畜产品自动收取和养殖信息系统管理等养殖过程智能管理技术与装备的发展现状以及存在的问题。提出了加快畜禽养殖环境调控与智能养殖技术研发与推广应用的相关建议,旨在为我国畜禽养殖业的绿色转型升级和健康可持续发展提供理论依据和技术支撑。 

[学术文献] Multi-objective path planner for an agricultural mobile robot in a virtual greenhouse environment 进入全文

Computers and Electronics in Agriculture

Robotics in agriculture has experienced enormous development in the past decade. In order to accomplish numerous agricultural tasks, the order in which the crop is covered is particularly important in order to minimise travelling cost and to preserve soil conditions. However, it is difficult to determine an optimised sequential path for the robot which minimizes navigation costs, while ensuring a fully completed agricultural operation. This paper presents the implementation of a multi-objective algorithm to solve the path planning problem for pesticide spraying operation inside a greenhouse. Pesticide spraying problems found in greenhouses have been adapted from the vehicle routing problem found in operations research, where the infected plants represent the customers and the mobile robot represents the vehicles. Routes between the plants are generated using a Probabilistic Roadmap path planner based on the designed virtual environment. The virtual environment is designed based on the real greenhouse environment to visualise the agricultural operation inside the greenhouse. To determine the best routes for the mobile robot, the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm using Reference Point Based (NSGA-III) is tested and applied to the system. The solution quality has been compared with the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) using the C-metric indicator. Comparisons with NSGA-II using the C-metric indicator verify that NSGA-III offers a superior performance with a good quality result.

[学术文献] Field-Based Scoring of Soybean Iron Deficiency Chlorosis Using RGB Imaging and Statistical Learning 进入全文

nature

Iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC) is an abiotic stress in soybean that can cause significant biomass and yield reduction. IDC is characterized by stunted growth and yellowing and interveinal chlorosis of early trifoliate leaves. Scoring IDC severity in the field is conventionally done by visual assessment. The goal of this study was to investigate the usefulness of Red Green Blue (RGB) images of soybean plots captured under the field condition for IDC scoring. A total of 64 soybean lines with four replicates were planted in 6 fields over 2 years. Visual scoring (referred to as Field Score, or FS) was conducted at V3–V4 growth stage; and concurrently RGB images of the field plots were recorded with a high-throughput field phenotyping platform. A second set of IDC scores was done on the plot images (displayed on a computer screen) consistently by one person in the office (referred to as Office Score, or OS). Plot images were then processed to remove weeds and extract six color features, which were used to train computer-based IDC scoring models (referred to as Computer Score, or CS) using linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and support vector machine (SVM). The results showed that, in the fields where severe IDC symptoms were present, FS and OS were strongly positively correlated with each other, and both of them were strongly negatively correlated with yield. CS could satisfactorily predict IDC scores when evaluated using FS and OS as the reference (overall classification accuracy > 81%). SVM models appeared to outperform LDA models; and the SVM model trained to predict IDC OS gave the highest prediction accuracy. It was anticipated that coupling RGB imaging from the high-throughput field phenotyping platform with real-time image processing and IDC CS models would lead to a more rapid, cost-effective, and objective scoring pipeline for soybean IDC field screening and breeding.

[专业会议] 2019智慧农业高峰论坛 进入全文

智慧农业高峰论坛

为了深化智慧农业建设,发展农业农村电子商务,加快互联网技术和信息通信技术应用和服务,促进新一代信息通信技术与农业现代化深度融合和发展,在国家工业和信息化部信软司及相关司局和农业农村部相关司局指导下,中国国际科技促进会三农发展工作委员会、中国通信工业协会两化融合委员会和山东泰安高新技术产业开发区管理委员会决定于2019年12月14-15日在山东泰安市举办“2019智慧农业高峰论坛”。  本届论坛将邀请相关部委领导和智慧农业领域权威院士、专家、学者和企业家针对智慧农业政策支持、5G+智慧农业未来的技术、信息化工程与传感器等内容进行交流,共同探讨智慧农业发展趋势和前景。智慧农业高峰论坛是弘扬智慧农业精神、传播智慧农业思想、倡导智慧农业方法的引领平台;智慧农业高峰论坛是集众智、汇众力、助双创的共享平台;智慧农业高峰论坛是新感知、新移动、云计算、大数据、新智慧层出不穷的推广平台!智慧农业高峰论坛,以创新为灵魂;智慧农业高峰论坛,以对接为生命;智慧农业高峰论坛,践行农业强国理念!

[前沿资讯] Artificial intelligence and farmer knowledge boost smallholder maize yields 进入全文

International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)

Farmers in Colombia's maize-growing region of Córdoba had seen it all: too much rain one year, a searing drought the next. Yields were down and their livelihoods hung in the balance. To better deal with climate stress, farmers in Colombia's maize-growing region of Córdoba needed information services that would help them decide what varieties to plant, when they should sow and how they should manage their crops. They needed information services that would help them decide what varieties to plant, when they should sow and how they should manage their crops. A consortium formed with the government, Colombia's National Cereals and Legumes Federation (FENALCE), and big-data scientists at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). The researchers used big-data tools, based on the data farmers helped collect, and yields increased substantially. The study, published in September in Global Food Security, shows how machine learning of data from multiple sources can help make farming more efficient and productive even as the climate changes.

热门相关

意 见 箱

匿名:登录

个人用户登录

找回密码

第三方账号登录

忘记密码

个人用户注册

必须为有效邮箱
6~16位数字与字母组合
6~16位数字与字母组合
请输入正确的手机号码

信息补充