We live in a world which is rapidly moving toward smart systems to make every aspect of living easy and versatile. Smart farming systems are being adapted by farmers throughout the globe. This paper is going to venture through smart arable farming system for the farmers of Bangladesh with the concept of internet of things (IoT). The paper proposes a smart sensor system supported by actuators to automate farming and provide precision farming experience. The system helps person with inferior knowledge of technology to understand and maintain the system with a new device namely Smart Board. The board helps to monitor status of the farm and to send action command to farm machineries. This work also helps the practice of e-governance by setting a simple but effective data exchange between government and farmers. Farmers will get benefitted as the smart board will keep them up to date on governments agriculture related announcements. It is a systematic mixture of many technologies including a smart sensor network system.
As you step onto Bebb Farms in rural Labette County, Kan., you see tractors, combines, sprayers, grain bins, and semis. All necessary equipment on a Kansas farm, but perhaps the most important equipment you don’t see is the Internet. Smart phones and high-speed Internet have given farmers, such as Justin Bebb, the opportunity to be more efficient in their farming operations. Whether it’s updating maps with the local crop insurance adjustors, marketing crops, purchasing inputs, online banking, or communicating with customers - it all relies on high-speed Internet.
Unmanned aerial vehicles provide reliable, accurate data to growers. Olga Walsh, University of Idaho, is researching the use of drones for fruit trees. Most of the agricultural applications for drones -- or, more technically unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) -- have been on grain crops like wheat, corn and soy. Walsh's research team focused on applying UAV technology to fruit trees. Her previous work has been with wheat and other crops. "We know drones can be used in orchards," says Walsh. "But there aren't any grower recommendations regarding what data needs to be collected and what kind of data is most useful, depending on the grower objective."
Internet of things (IoT) is a promising technology which provides efficient and reliable solutions towards the modernization of several domains. IoT based solutions are being developed to automatically maintain and monitor agricultural farms with minimal human involvement. The article presents many aspects of technologies involved in the domain of IoT in agriculture. It explains the major components of IoT based smart farming. A rigorous discussion on network technologies used in IoT based agriculture has been presented, that involves network architecture and layers, network topologies used, and protocols. Furthermore, the connection of IoT based agriculture systems with relevant technologies including cloud computing, big data storage and analytics has also been presented. In addition, security issues in IoT agriculture have been highlighted. A list of smart phone based and sensor based applications developed for different aspects of farm management has also been presented. Lastly, the regulations and policies made by several countries to standardize IoT based agriculture have been presented along with few available success stories. In the end, some open research issues and challenges in IoT agriculture field have been presented.