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[前沿资讯] Global food markets still brace for uncertainty in 2020/21 because of COVID-19 says FAO 进入全文

FOOD and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

11 June 2020, Rome - Food markets will face many more months of uncertainty due to COVID-19, but the agri-food sector is likely to show more resilience to the pandemic crisis than other sectors, according to a new report released today by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).The Food Outlook report provides the first forecasts for production and market trends in 2020-2021 for the world's most traded food commodities - cereals, oilcrops, meat, dairy, fish and sugar

[行业报告] 中国农科院发布《中国农业绿色发展报告2019》 进入全文

中国农业科学院

报告以客观、权威的数据为支撑,系统反映了2018-2019年我国农业绿色发展的总体水平、重大行动和重要进展。基于农业绿色发展的核心要义和现有数据基础,首次构建了农业绿色发展指标体系及绿色发展指数模型,并对全国及第一批国家农业绿色发展先行区进行了试评价,定量明晰了农业绿色发展的现状水平与短板制约。

[前沿资讯] FAO Cereal Supply and Demand Brief 进入全文

FOOD and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Global cereal production, utilization, stocks and trade all set to rise to new records in 2020/21.In spite of uncertainties posed by the pandemic, FAO’s first forecasts for the 2020/21 season point to a comfortable cereal supply and demand situation. Early prospects point to global cereal production in 2020 surpassing the previous year’s record by 2.6 percent. Based on conditions of crops already in the ground, planting expectations for those still to be sown, and assuming normal weather for the remainder of the season, world cereal output is forecast at 2 780 million tonnes (including rice in milled equivalent), nearly 70 million tonnes higher than in 2019, setting a new record high. Maize would account for the bulk of the predicted increase, with an expected expansion of 64.5 million tonnes to a record level of 1 207 million tonnes, boosted by record harvests in the United States of America (USA), Canada and Ukraine, and near-record harvests in Brazil and Argentina. Similarly, rice production is seen reaching an all-time high of 508.7 million tonnes in 2020, exceeding the 2019 reduced level by 1.6 percent. More normal weather and attractive prices are anticipated to underpin rice output recoveries primarily in China, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Pakistan, Thailand and the USA, as well as continued production growth in India. By contrast, global production of wheat in 2020 is forecast to decline from the previous year’s good level, largely on likely downturns in the European Union (EU), Ukraine and the USA more than offsetting expected production increases in the Russian Federation and Australia.

[行业报告] 中国农科院发布《中国农业产业发展报告2020》 进入全文

中国农业科学院

6月3日,中国农业科学院和国际食物政策研究所(IFPRI)在京联合举办2020中国和全球农业政策论坛暨《中国农业产业发展报告》和《全球粮食政策报告》发布会。梅旭荣发布了《中国农业产业发展报告2020》。该报告在2019年的基础上,剖析了国内外宏观经济与农业产业形势,从全要素生产率、国际贸易、生产成本等3个视角评估了中国农业产业竞争力,并直击热点主题,全面分析了新冠肺炎疫情对中国农业和农民收入的影响。中国农业大学讲席教授、国际食物政策研究所原所长樊胜根发布了《2020全球粮食政策报告》。报告呼吁全球建立更有抗逆能力、更适应气候变化、更健康的、具有包容性的食物系统。

[科技报告] New series of Policy and Field Guides to improve water productivity and water use efficiency in small-scale agriculture 进入全文

FOOD and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Enhancing the productivity and efficiency of agricultural water is key to increase food production and respond to the growing food demand, while at the same time preserving healthy and sustainable ecosystems. Even more so in drought- and desertification-prone areas, whereby agricultural production is negatively affected by climate change, erratic rainfall patterns and increasing water scarcity.The improvement of agricultural water management, however, can only be achieved through synergetic plans of action and effective choices by all stakeholders. National policy strategies and improved farming practices are both essential to overcome challenges posed by drought and desertification and to change public attitudes in order to “produce more with less”.

[学术文献] 乡村振兴视域下农村土地利用利益相关者分析 进入全文

自然资源学报

乡村振兴的实施使得农村土地利用与管理面临更多的挑战。应用利益相关者分析、博弈均衡分析和实证案例分析,探讨乡村振兴视域下土地利用各利益相关者的关系演变。研究结果显示:(1)1949年至今,农村地区土地利用利益相关者主体数量增加,博弈关系呈现复杂化、多样化和多向化;(2)乡村振兴时期主要有六种博弈关系,并探讨了案例村实施下山脱贫、发展乡村旅游、新型经营主体进驻、城市居民促进农村发展四种博弈决策过程;(3)乡村振兴视域下,农村地区发展应关注基础设施配套、土地利用效率与生态环境协调、农户生计可持续性等问题。乡村振兴中应注重实现土地利用各利益相关者的最优均衡,降低各方风险,保护生态环境并寻求多方利益平衡。

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