Rural America at a Glance, 2019 Edition
- USDA ERS
- This report highlights recent social and economic conditions in rural America, focusing on trends in population, employment, poverty, and income. This report focuses on demographic and socioeconomic trends after the end of the Great Recession in 2009. Varying demographic and socioeconomic trends are evident for different places along the rural-urban continuum. Between 2010 and 2018, population grew in metro counties and in nonmetro areas having more urban population, while population declined in other types of nonmetro counties. Employment grew in all types of counties except for completely rural, nonadjacent counties, but grew more slowly in all types of nonmetro counties than in metro counties. In addition to slower population growth, lower rates of labor force participation in nonmetro areas—due to an older, less educated population that is more likely to be disabled—also contributed to slower employment growth in nonmetro than in metro areas. Poverty rates are highest in the most rural, isolated settings, and the gap between poverty rates in these and other settings has grown. Even so, poverty rates have declined since 2013 in all types of nonmetro counties.