The Countries That Will Be the World’s New Breadbaskets
- The world’s population is forecast to grow by 30 percent to 10 billion people by 2050, bringing a sharp increase in demand for new food supplies. But in many developed countries, population growth is leveling out or declining, and these regions are expected to become increasingly important in helping to feed the rest of the world. In countries that make up the former Soviet Union, populations are predicted to drop sharply in coming years, just as the efficiency of agricultural production booms. The number of people living in Europe, too, will begin to shrink by the 2030s, while agricultural output should continue to increase slowly. Such excess supplies, if they end up as exports, could potentially offset any food shortages that might emerge in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, as well as quickly growing shortages of protein in China.