An EDS1-SAG101 Complex is Essential for TNL-mediated Immunity in Nicotiana benthamiana
- The plant cell期刊
- Heterodimeric complexes containing the lipase-like protein ENHANCED DISEASE SUSCEPTIBILITY1 (EDS1) are regarded as central regulators of plant innate immunity. In this context, a complex of EDS1 with PHYTOALEXIN DEFICIENT4 (PAD4) is required for basal resistance and signaling downstream of immune receptors containing an N-terminal Toll-interleukin-1 receptor-like domain (TNLs) in Arabidopsis thaliana. Here we analyze EDS1 functions in the model Solanaceous plant Nicotiana benthamiana (Nb). Stable Nb mutants deficient in EDS1 complexes are not impaired in basal resistance, a finding which contradicts a general role for EDS1 in immunity. In Nb, PAD4 demonstrated no detectable immune functions, but TNL-mediated resistance responses required EDS1 complexes incorporating a SENESCENCE ASSOCIATED GENE101 (SAG101) isoform. Intriguingly, SAG101 is restricted to those genomes also encoding TNL receptors, and we propose it may be required for TNL-mediated immune signaling in most plants, except the Brassicaceae. Transient complementation in Nb was used for accelerated mutational analyses while avoiding complex biotic interactions. We identify a large surface essential for EDS1-SAG101 immune functions, which extends from the N-terminal lipase domains to the C-terminal EP domains and might mediate interaction partner recruitment. Further, this work demonstrates the value of genetic resources in Nb, which will facilitate elucidation of EDS1 functions.