Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2019
- This Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition introduced for the first time in 2017 a new indicator for measuring severe food insecurity, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). This indicator complements the information provided by the prevalence of undernourishment (PoU) indicator, used by FAO to monitor hunger. Both indicators show that the prevalence of hunger at the chronic or severe level is mostly very low in this region, with the exception of a handful of countries. This edition introduces analysis based on the prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity, also based on the FIES methodology. It captures people’s difficulties in accessing safe, nutritious and sufficient food and so is more relevant for countries in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region in which severe food deprivation may no longer be of concern but where sizeable pockets of food-insecure populations still remain. The new estimates show that the prevalence at the moderate or severe level could be quite high, at an average of 11 percent for the ECA region, affecting more than 100 million people. Moreover, the prevalence was non-trivial even in many relatively high-income countries of the European Union and the European Free Trade Association.