Development and Application of a PCR-Based Molecular Marker for the Identification of High Temperature Tolerant Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) Genotypes
基于PCR的分子标记在耐高温甘蓝(Brassica oleracea var. capitata)基因型鉴定中的开发和应用
- Global warming accelerates the development of high temperature (HT)- and high humidity (HH)-tolerant varieties. This is further facilitated by the identification of HTHH-tolerant genes and the development of molecular markers based on these genes. To identify genes involved in HTHH tolerance in cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata), we performed RNA-seq analysis of two inbred lines, BN1 (HTHH-tolerant) and BN2 (HTHH-susceptible), and selected trehalose 6- phosphate phosphatase I-2 (BoTPPI-2) as one of the HTHH-tolerant-associated genes. We also developed a segregating F2 population from a cross between BN1 and BN2. RNA-seq results showed that BoTPPI-2 transcript levels were high in the HTHH-tolerant inbred line BN1, but not detectable in the HTHH-susceptible inbred line BN2. The expression pattern of BoTPPI-2 was not related to the expression of heat shock-related genes. Soft rot resistance, used as an indicator of HTHH tolerance, was higher in BN1 than in BN2. F2 individuals similar to BN1 with respect to phenotype appeared to be HTHH-tolerant, whereas BN2-types were susceptible to HTHH. Analysis of the genomic DNA revealed the presence of a long terminal repeat (LTR; ca. 4.6 kb) in the ninth intron of the BoTPPI-2_BN2 allele, thereby suppressing its transcription and exhibiting HTHH phenotype. Except for the LTR insertion, the sequence of BoTPPI-2_BN2 was almost identical to that of BoTPPI-2_BN1. On the basis of the LTR and BoTPPI-2 sequences, we developed a molecular marker to identify HTHH-tolerant genotypes and validated its efficiency using F2 individuals, inbred lines, and cultivars from diverse sources. The marker explained the genetic basis of HTHH tolerance in at least 80%, but not 100%, of the cabbage genotypes. Thus, additional markers associated with HTHH tolerance are needed for perfect selection.