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Trends in Global Agricultural Land Use: Implications for Environmental Health and Food Security

全球农业土地利用趋势:对环境健康和粮食安全的影响

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来源:
Annual Review of Plant Biology
全文链接1:
file1/M00/06/69/Csgk0FylbwSAc6miACA_VMbioy4323.pdf
全文链接2:
类型:
学术文献
语种:
英文
原文发布日期:
2018-02-28
摘要:
The eighteenth-century Malthusian prediction of population growth outstripping food production has not yet come to bear. Unprecedented agricultural land expansions since 1700, and technological innovations that began in the 1930s, have enabled more calorie production per capita than was ever available before in history. This remarkable success, however, has come at a great cost. Agriculture is a major cause of global environmental degradation. Malnutrition persists among large sections of the population, and a new epidemic of obesity is on the rise. We review both the successes and failures of the global food system, addressing ongoing debates on pathways to environmental health and food security. To deal with these challenges, a new coordinated research program blending modern breeding with agroecological methods is needed. We call on plant biologists to lead this effort and help steer humanity toward a safe operating space for agriculture.
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