Proteomic analysis provides integrated insight into mechanisms of Turnip mosaic virus long distance movement in Brassica rapa
- Biologia Plantarum
- In non-heading Chinese cabbage, the yield relies mostly on the health of leaves, which can be heavily impacted by turnip mosaic virus (TuMV). The virions or viral ribonucleoprotein complexes are transported through the phloem and xylem. Plasmodesmata are indispensable because they traverse cell walls and connect companion cells, allowing virus particles long distance movement. However, which complexes and genes participate in this process is still unknown. Plants can activate defense mechanisms and apply disease resistance genes to respond to pathogen attacks. In this study, we collected the stems and petioles infected by TuMV for 7 d (TuMV-7), 14 d (TuMV-14), and 21 d (TuMV-21). Using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification-based proteomic technology, 6 043 distinct proteins were identified and 323, 240, 285, 203, 253, and 363 differentially expressed proteins were found in the comparable pairs of TuMV-7/control, TuMV-14/TuMV-7, TuMV-14/control, TuMV-21/TuMV-7, TuMV-21/TuMV-14, and TuMV-21/control, respectively. We performed a functional annotation analysis of all identified proteins and a functional enrichment analysis of all differentially expressed proteins. The results indicated that the long distance movement of TuMV involved many complex regulatory pathways. The respective proteins were related to those occurring in plasmodesmata and to Ca2+ transporters. Further, we also found proteins related to heat shock proteins, pathogenesis-related proteins, and proteins scavenging reactive oxygen species.