Integrated analysis of urbanization-triggered land use change trajectory and implications for ecological land management: A case study in Fuyang, China
城市化引发的土地利用变化轨迹综合分析及其对生态土地管理的启示 - 以阜阳市为例
- Science of The Total Environment
- Land use change under rapid urbanization can drastically change terrestrial ecological conditions. This study presents an integrated analysis of land use dynamics and the resultant ecological impacts on sustainable development over the past 25 years (1990–2015) in response to urban development. Remote sensingand geographic information system techniques were employed to examine the spatiotemporal trajectory of land use changes. Based on the analysis of the equivalent factor table for land use types and ecosystem services value (ESV), the value of ecosystem services was calculated in the case study of Fuyang, China. Correlations were identified between ESV and a family of landscape fragmentation metrics. The results showed that the area affected by land use changes represented 33.35% of the total study area and caused a 31.74 million US$·a−1 decrease in ESV from 1990 to 2015. The ESV was spatially imbalanced and generally low in urban areas. Ecological plans for croplandreforestation and urban green projects were effective in slowing ESV losses while urban areas rapidly developed. In addition, total ESV was negatively correlated with edge density (ED), patch density (PD), landscape shape index (LSI), and Shannon's diversity index (SHDI) but positively correlated with aggregation index (AI), suggesting that landscape fragmentation had an adverse impact on the overall ESV in Fuyang. Therefore, sustainable land use planning must be integrated with landscape patterns to provide useful guidance regarding the spatial regulation of a given area to protect and improve ecosystem services.