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        乡村规划

        中共中央 国务院印发《乡村振兴战略规划(2018-2022年)》

        • 产业兴旺
        • 生态宜居
        • 乡风文明
        • 治理有效
        • 生活富裕
        • 粮食综合生产能力

          2022年目标值

          > 6亿吨约束性

        • 农业科技进步贡献率

          2022年目标值

          61.5%预期性

        • 农业劳动生产率

          2022年目标值

          5.5万元/人预期性

        • 农产品加工产值与农业产值比

          2022年目标值

          2.5预期性

        • 休闲农业与乡村旅游接待人数

          2022年目标值

          32亿人次预期性

        • 畜禽粪污综合利用率

          2022年目标值

          78%约束性

        • 村庄绿化覆盖率

          2022年目标值

          32%预期性

        • 对生活垃圾进行处理的村占比

          2022年目标值

          > 90%预期性

        • 农村卫生厕所普及率

          2022年目标值

          > 85%预期性

        • 村综合性文化服务中心覆盖率

          2022年目标值

          98%预期性

        • 县级及以上文明村和乡镇占比

          2022年目标值

          > 50%预期性

        • 农村义务教育学校专任教师本科以上学历比例

          2022年目标值

          68%预期性

        • 农村居民教育文化娱乐支出占比

          2022年目标值

          13.6%预期性

        • 村庄规划管理覆盖率

          2022年目标值

          90%预期性

        • 建设有综合服务站的村占比

          2022年目标值

          > 53%预期性

        • 村党组织书记兼任村委会主任的村占比

          2022年目标值

          50%预期性

        • 有村规民约的村占比

          2022年目标值

          100%预期性

        • 集体经济强村比重

          2022年目标值

          9%预期性

        • 农村居民恩格尔系数

          2022年目标值

          29.2%预期性

        • 城乡居民收入比

          2022年目标值

          2.67预期性

        • 农村自来水普及率

          2022年目标值

          85%预期性

        • 具备条件的建制村通硬化公路的比例

          2022年目标值

          > 100%约束性

        2021年中央一号文件

        一号文件历史回顾

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        经典案例
        • KLIMIS - BBQ briquettes from olive stones

          Project summary:As demand for energy increases across the world, climate change simultaneously has begun to visibly impact all countries. To mitigate climate change, it is necessary to ensure that economic development will prioritise carbon-neutral bioenergy fuels, especially those that harness energy from agricultural residues.  The family-owned business ‘Klimis’ produces lime putty and quicklime. In the process they use olive stones as a source of heat energy. The olive stones are a waste product from the olive oil production in the region. As the olive pips do not completely combust in this process, a black powder is created as a bioproduct. Reusing this residue offers an opportunity to create an additional source of income and protect the environment from the discarded residue. The business owners experimented for 15 years before developing and finally placing their own olive barbecue briquettes in the Greek market in 1992. They designed and assembled their own machinery from scratch which included mixers, press machines and dryers and then tested if they could produce this new by-product effectively. 

        • The ‘MAJNIKA’ herb garden and farm, Slovenia

          Project summary:Katja Temnik became a young farmer and bought an abandoned five-hectare (ha) farm to invest in the biodynamic production of herbs and take advantage of an opportunity for personal development. Katja wanted to create a new business model that combines organic farming to protect the environment, create employment and at the same time provide education services while being socially inclusive. Financial support from multiple Rural Development Programme (RDP) measures was used to create diverse organic plantations: hazelnuts (1.4 ha), herbs (2.1 ha), high-trunk orchard (0.7 ha) and to purchase machinery for stripping, cutting, and packing herbs and a hammer mill.

        • Slaughtering and processing on farm to obtain high quality organic lamb meat

          Project summary:Organically bred sheep and goats can play a key role in preserving the landscape and biodiversity in the steeper meadows and pastures in Zasavje, a picturesque valley in the Sava Hills in central Slovenia. However, local breeders were facing difficulties in selling their meat due to the low prices and the lack of interest in such meat from consumers since there is a lack of knowledge about it. The beneficiary, the organic breeder Mr Uroš Macerl, used Rural Development Programme (RDP) funds to set up a slaughtering facility on his farm. In this way, the quality of meat would be improved as the animals would go through less stress. This would also open new opportunities for him and other local breeders to sell their high-quality meat directly to consumers and improve their profitability.

        • Improvement and recovery of the pedestrian routes network in Rabaçal

          Project summary:The ‘Laurissilva Forest’ is classified as an UNESCO World Natural Heritage site. It also holds the distinction of Community Importance Site - Natura 2000 European Network (Madeira’s Laurissilva and Mountain Massif sites) and is part of the Madeira Natural Park area.  Support from the Madeira Rural Development Programme (RDP) was used to achieve the sustainable restoration of visitor access walkways and to establish an education and interpretation programme and leisure areas.

        • Hay meat and milk

          Project summary:Meat and milk production by feeding animals hay (without silage) is a traditional farming method which is in decline. Ensuring that this type of farming does not disappear is very important since it has minimum environmental impact and limited labour requirements.  An EIP Operational Group was set up to establish a stable system of production, processing, promotion and marketing of hay fed meats and milk, and to develop a collective brand (SENENO) to increase the recognition and market penetration of the products.

        • Production of lettuce and herbs using biomass from wood

          Project summary:The production of vegetables in Slovenia covers the demand of the country only during the production season, i.e. between May and October. Off-season, vegetable production is insufficient to cover the market. European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) beneficiary, Mario Kurtović, saw this as an opportunity to meet demand. He decided to invest in the hydroponic cultivation of lettuce and herbs in pots (the technique of growing plants without soil). Investment support under Rural Development Programme measure M04 enabled him to acquire a biomass-burning heater, construct new nurseries for the ground cultivation of vegetables and also assemble a hydroponic line to cultivate lettuce and herbs.

        • NECT’ARTS - Artists and wine-growers share their local passions

          Project summary:NECT’ARTS is a transnational cooperation project (TNC) between three wine-producing regions: Uzège-Pont du Gard (south of France), Cotes des Bar, Champagne (north east of France) and Tinutul Vinului (Romania). For the three partners, wine-growing is of major importance to their local economy. This TNC project involved a series of actions to connect local know-how (savoir-faire) and engage artistic creativity in relation to wine production (using artist residencies). This was done by comparing and exchanging experiences, promoting wine production and organising study visits and exchanges between wine-producers.

        • An innovative model of production, processing and distribution of herbs in the Zielawa Valley, Poland

          Project summary:This EIP (European Innovation Partnership) Operational Group focused on the concept of a comprehensive model of agri-food production management ‘from farm to fork’, using innovative cultivation technologies and process management tools for introducing plants to cultivation according to new cultivation technology.  Breakthrough technologies based on agroforestry systems were developed and tested. This enabled a significant improvement in the condition of soil and water, increasing biodiversity and adapting to climate change, while increasing the profitability of agricultural and food production. The introduction of wild-growing herb species, including endangered ones, has resulted in the development of health-promoting products in the form of teas and spices.

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        三农十年变迁
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        • 农业经营主体和人员情况
        • 农业机械和设施
        • 农村基础设施建设
        • 农村基本公共服务
        • 农民生活条件

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