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Taxing Caloric Sweetened Beverages: Potential Effects on Beverage Consumption, Calorie Intake, and Obesity
英文名称:
Taxing Caloric Sweetened Beverages: Potential Effects on Beverage Consumption, Calorie Intake, and Obesity
作者:
Travis A. Smith; Biing-Hwan Lin; Jonq-Ying Lee
工作单位:
USDA's Economic Research Service
类型:
美国农业部报告
来源地址:
https://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/pub-details/?pubid=44734
关键词:
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) soft drinks soda tax added sugars obesity and beverage demand
年份:
2010
发布时间:
2010/07
学科分类:
出版地:
Washington, DC, USA
总页数:
33 pp
语种:
English
信息来源:
摘要:
The link between high U.S. obesity rates and the overconsumption of added sugars, largely from sodas and fruit drinks, has prompted public calls for a tax on caloric sweetened beverages. Faced with such a tax, consumers may reduce consumption of these sweetened beverages and substitute nontaxed beverages, such as bottled water, juice, and milk. This study estimated that a tax-induced 20-percent price increase on caloric sweetened beverages could cause an average reduction of 37 calories per day, or 3.8 pounds of body weight over a year, for adults and an average of 43 calories per day, or 4.5 pounds over a year, for children. Given these reductions in calorie consumption, results show an estimated decline in adult overweight prevalence (66.9 to 62.4 percent) and obesity prevalence (33.4 to 30.4 percent), as well as the child at-risk-for-overweight prevalence (32.3 to 27.0 percent) and the overweight prevalence (16.6 to 13.7 percent). Actual impacts would depend on many factors, including how the tax is reflected in consumer prices and the competitive strategies of beverage manufacturers and food retailers.

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