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Cambodian Agriculture in Transition : Opportunities and Risks
英文名称:
作者:
World Bank Group
工作单位:
类型:
世界银行报告
来源地址:
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22680
关键词:
AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FISH VEGETABLE CROP YIELD RESPONSE ORGANIC MATTER SORGHUM SEED TRADE SOIL CONSERVATION POVERTY RATES PESTICIDE CASSAVA ROOTS AGRICULTURAL WORKER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS LARGE FARMS IFPRI COVER CROPS CAPACITY BUILDING NUTRIENT CONTENT MILLED RICE HIGH-VALUE PRODUCTS GREENHOUSE GAS PESTICIDES FERTILIZERS ANIMAL HEALTH CROP YIELD CROP PRODUCTION CEREALS TRAINING THRESHING LETTUCE PLANT BREEDERS RIGHTS CULTIVATED RICE RAW MATERIALS SEEDS SOYBEANS RICE MILLING CROP ROTATION PUBLIC AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH BIODIVERSITY BEAN PALM OIL MARKETS PESTICIDE USE FRUITS VEGETABLES FORESTRY INDICATORS FARMERS BARLEY NATURAL RESOURCES PLANT VARIETY PROTECTION CROPS COMMODITY PRICE INFRASTRUCTURE FARM PRODUCTS USAID CROP YIELDS AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS HYBRID SEEDS EXTENSION PROGRAMS FARMLAND CROP AGRICULTURAL PRICE AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS SOIL DEPLETION LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT MAIZE YIELDS REPORTS RURAL POVERTY ORGANIC FERTILIZERS COFFEE BEVERAGES AGRICULTURE CROP LAND FAO MALNUTRITION PEST MANAGEMENT EGGS HYBRIDS SOIL DEGRADATION FOOD DEMAND WATER USE EFFICIENCY NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT FISHERIES MICROFINANCE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICES PADDY FIELDS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CORN IRRIGATION FOOD SAFETY RICE CULTIVATION RICE VARIETIES FEED MEATS AVERAGE YIELDS POPULATION AGRICULTURAL DIVERSIFICATION WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPE SOIL FERTILITY COMMODITIES CROP DATA FOOD PRICES COMMODITY PRICES SEASONS GRAIN AGRICULTURAL TRADE RICE INDUSTRY AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PROGRAMS HARVEST PINEAPPLE AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES MANURE POULTRY AGRICULTURAL GROWTH THAILAND AGRICULTURAL CENSUS URBANIZATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGRICULTURAL CREDIT TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS MILK AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION UNITED NATIONS AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ANIMALS AGRICULTURES SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE NITROGEN FERTILIZERS CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION VEGETABLE CROPS ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY SOYBEAN OIL PLANNING CROP VARIETIES RURAL POPULATION WATER RESOURCES AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK LANDS PLANS POVERTY REDUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES COCONUT MAIZE ARABLE LAND CROP AREAS AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AGROFORESTRY IDENTITY AGRICULTURAL EXPORT AGRICULTURAL MARKETS POPULATION GROWTH HYBRID MAIZE CROP PRODUCTION VALUE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT CROP PRODUCTION SYSTEMS CROP DIVERSIFICATION WEED CONTROL ANIMAL DISEASE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT HERBICIDES ORGANIC FERTILIZER AGRICULTURAL PRICES TILLERS RESEARCH AVERAGE YIELD FARMING LIVESTOCK PLANT BREEDERS BIRTH RATE BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS RURAL ROADS ANIMAL MANURE VEGETABLE PRODUCTION BULK CARGO AGRICULTURAL AREA AGRICULTURAL POLICY PADDY RICE SEED VARIETIES TECHNOLOGY BORDER TRADE AGRICULTURAL INFRASTRUCTURE BEEF FARMERS&rsquo ORGANIZATIONS EXTENSION AGENTS FOOD SECURITY AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMS CLIMATE CHANGE AGRICULTURAL CROPS AGRIBUSINESS PESTS SOIL NUTRIENTS IFDC RICE YIELDS RICE CROPS HERBICIDE CREDIT BUDGETS DEFORESTATION ANIMAL TRACTION RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE FORESTS AGRICULTURAL INNOVATION WORKING CAPITAL AGRICULTURAL LAND DRIP IRRIGATION CATTLE EXTENSION ORGANIZATIONS AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IRRI AGRICULTURAL INPUTS VEGETABLE PRODUCERS INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS COTTON ACCESS TO CREDIT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURAL WORKERS QUARANTINE SUGARCANE LARGE FARM INVESTMENT PADDY AREA FARMS MEAT BROCCOLI INNOVATION WHEAT SOILS AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY RICE CROP MANAGEMENT GREEN REVOLUTION FARMING SYSTEMS AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS ADB RURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL WORK COST ANALYSIS SOIL QUALITY SUGAR Report Rapport Informe
年份:
2015
发布时间:
学科分类:
出版地:
Washington,USA
总页数:
语种:
English
信息来源:
摘要:
This report seeks to understand the successes, challenges and opportunities of Cambodia's agricultural transformation over the past decade to derive lessons and insights on how to maintain future agricultural growth, and particularly on the government's role in facilitating it. It is prepared per the request of the Supreme National Economic Council and the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries and is based on the primary farm data surveys from 2005 and 2013, and the secondary data from various sources. In 2013-2014, the agricultural growth slowed down to 1 percent from its average of 5.3 percent over 2004-2012. Is the country in transition to a slower agricultural growth? Cambodia can ill afford it because agricultural growth will be critical to continued poverty reduction in the country, given its large size in the economy. Market and private investment friendly policies and targeted public sector investments in irrigation, extension, and other ‘public good' agricultural services, as feasible within the government's total budget, can help secure continued robust agricultural growth. The remaining report is organized as follows. Chapter two presents key facts about Cambodia's recent agricultural development using data from national accounts and various reports. Chapter three provides evidence from the field that explains the changes observed in the national accounts. Chapter four illustrates developments in farming systems, farm budgets, and farm incomes compared to nonfarm incomes. Chapter five presents a farm competitiveness analysis. Chapter six discusses the sources of past growth and their limitations and presents an analysis of (likely) future sources of agricultural growth. Chapter seven presents a long-term vision for the sector, while chapter eight simulates policies and the changes in farm incomes needed to realize this vision. Chapter nine discusses the policy agenda, with implementation details based on national and global experiences. Chapter ten concludes with a summary of the report and policy recommendations. Annexes present the methodology of the 2013 farm survey, detailed farm budgets by crop, projections of selected indicators, and results of the policy simulations.

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