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Kazakhstan Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment
作者:
Broka, Sandra
来源地址:
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23763
关键词:
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCHVEGETABLE CROPGOAT POXORGANIC MATTERCARBON DIOXIDEORGANIC FARMINGPEST CONTROLPLANT GROWTHSOIL CONSERVATIONAGRICULTURAL SECTORSROOTSDRY PEASLARGE FARMSCAPACITY BUILDINGAGRONOMYTRITICALEGERMPLASMDURUM WHEATHIGH-VALUE PRODUCTSGREENHOUSE GASPESTICIDESAUDITSFERTILIZERSANIMAL HEALTHCROP PRODUCTIONCEREALSYIELD INDEXTRAININGNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SYSTEMWHEAT YIELDSSHEEPSEEDSMONOCULTURESOYBEANSGLOBAL WARMINGCROP ROTATIONBREAD WHEATBIODIVERSITYMARKETSAGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SYSTEMVEGETABLESHIGH YIELDSINDICATORSLEPTOSPIROSISFARMERSBARLEYGRAIN ELEVATORSUNEPCROPSCOMMODITY PRICEINFRASTRUCTUREFORAGE PRODUCTIONSOIL MANAGEMENTUSAIDDAIRY PRODUCTSCROP YIELDSFARMER PARTICIPATIONFARMLANDWHEAT CROPSAUJESZKYS&rsquoDISEASEINSECTSCROPSEEDLINGSSCIENCERUMINANTSAGRICULTURAL INVESTMENTSCIENTIFIC EVIDENCEREPORTSBIOLOGICAL CONTROLAGRICULTUREFAOMALNUTRITIONPEST MANAGEMENTEGGSPOPULATIONSSMALL RUMINANTSGRAIN QUALITYDISEASE RESISTANCENATIONAL RESEARCHPLANT HEALTHIRRIGATIONOILSEED CROPSAGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIESORGANIC AGRICULTURELOSS OF CROPFOOD SAFETYFOOD SUPPLYOILSEEDSFEEDDOMESTIC LIVESTOCKSOIL TILLAGEAVERAGE YIELDSGRAIN LEGUMESPOPULATIONAGRICULTURAL DIVERSIFICATIONCLASSES OF WHEATSLAUGHTERSOIL FERTILITYAGRICULTURAL CROPCOMMODITIESAGRICULTURAL PRODUCTGOATSCOMMODITY PRICESSEASONSGRAINCEREAL CROPSPOTATOHARVESTFORAGE CROPSSALINIZATIONTARIFFSAGRICULTURAL PRODUCERSNITROGEN FERTILIZEROVERGRAZINGPOULTRYMANUREOILSEED CROPAGRICULTURAL ZONEWHEAT PRODUCERSBIOSAFETYGREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONSNEMATODESMILKAGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIONINSECT PESTSLEGUMESUNITED NATIONSAGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENTCROPPING SYSTEMANIMALSSUSTAINABLE AGRICULTUREICARDAVEGETABLE CROPSCIMMYTPLANNINGCROP VARIETIESPLANT DISEASESWATER RESOURCESAGRICULTURE ORGANIZATIONUPOVGRAIN PRODUCERSLANDSPLANSMAIZECROP INSURANCEAGRICULTURAL RESOURCEARABLE LANDPATHOGENSDISEASESAGRICULTURAL COMMODITIESLIVE WEIGHTOILSEEDAGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTIONSSOIL EROSIONAGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTESUNION FOR THE PROTECTION OF NEW VARIETIES OF PLANTSINTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENTCROP DIVERSIFICATIONLIVESTOCK PRODUCTSCERTIFIED SEEDUNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMENONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONSHERBICIDESWIND EROSIONCROP PROTECTIONBRUCELLOSISNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCHAGRICULTURAL COMMODITYLIVESTOCK FEEDRESEARCHCATTLE NUMBERSAVERAGE YIELDLIVESTOCK PRODUCERSFARMINGLIVESTOCKMEAT PRODUCTIONPOULTRY PRODUCTIONPLANT VARIETIESRABIESAGRICULTURAL AREAFOOD PRODUCTIONAGRICULTURAL POLICYHIGHER PROTEINTECHNOLOGYUNDPBEEFRESEARCH CENTERSAGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISESFOOD SECURITYMICROCLIMATECLIMATE CHANGEAGRICULTURAL CROPSAGRIBUSINESSANIMAL IDENTIFICATIONPESTSSOIL NUTRIENTSORGANIC FOODSHERBICIDECREDITBUDGETSMUTTONANIMAL FEEDTUBERSMILLETFORESTSCROPPINGAGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMSFEED GRAINSSOIL MOISTUREAGRICULTURAL LANDCATTLEMEAT PRICESLENTILSAGRICULTURAL SYSTEMSVETERINARY SERVICEANIMAL HUSBANDRYPORKYIELD LOSSESCROP ROTATIONSCOTTONACCESS TO CREDITFOOD GRAINSAGRICULTURAL PRODUCTSMOAPOTATOESQUARANTINEDESERTIFICATIONGRAIN STORAGEANTHRAXBEEF PRODUCTIONDISEASE CONTROLCONTAGIOUS VIRAL DISEASEINVESTMENTHARMFUL INSECTSBREEDINGWILD ANIMALSFARMSMEATCHICKPEASHARD RED SPRINGWHEATSOILSRICEPASTURESRESISTANT VARIETIESFARMING SYSTEMSAGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTEAPPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGYLIVESTOCK COMMODITIESWINTER WHEATReport
年份:
2016
出版地:
Washington,USA
语种:
English
摘要:
Agriculture is among the most risk-prone sectors in the economies of Central Asia. Production shocks from weather, pests and diseases and adverse movements in agricultural product and input prices not only impact farmers and agri-business firms, but can also strain government finances. Some of these risks are small and localized and can be managed by producers. Others are the result of more severe, exogenous shocks outside agriculture that require a broader response. Failure to respond adequately to these more severe risks leads to a perpetual cycle of ‘shock-recovery-shock’ which reinforces poverty traps and compromises long-term growth. A broad-based program to improve livestock productivity is recommended to strengthen the resilience of livestock production systems and rangeland use in Kazakhstan. Proposed interventions include measures to: (i) reverse degradation of water, soil and vegetation cover; (ii) safeguard the long-term viability of rangeland ecosystems, while ensuring sustainable access to grazing land; and (iii) strengthen livestock services (veterinary, animal health, feed and fodder supply, destocking, water and grazing access, and weather and market information). These measures will enable farmers to manage their resources better, to respond to climate and market signals and to protect their resource base in times of drought. The recommendations developed under these three solution areas continue the underlying emphasis on mitigation as the foundation for risk management. They also highlight the mutually reinforcing benefits of measures to improve crop and livestock productivity for both risk management and sector growth.

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