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Bulgaria’s Potential for Sustainable Growth and Shared Prosperity : Systematic Country Diagnostic
英文名称:
作者:
World Bank Group
工作单位:
类型:
世界银行报告
来源地址:
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23116
关键词:
TARIFFS EMPLOYMENT FISH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES ECONOMIC GROWTH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MULTIPLIERS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION RETIREMENT ETHNIC MINORITIES DISPOSABLE INCOME INTEREST EXPECTATIONS INDUSTRY PRODUCERS RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PROPERTY RIGHTS BANKING SYSTEM STRATEGIES TIMBER RESOURCE ALLOCATION ETHNIC GROUPS LABOR FORCE WATER SUPPLY SERVICES PUBLIC SERVICES REVENUES ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES FISCAL POLICY SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT INCENTIVES MODELS PROJECTS REAL WAGES SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC STABILITY LEVEL PLAYING FIELD NET SAVINGS AUDITS SAFETY NETS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY MACROECONOMIC STABILITY PUBLIC POLICY FISCAL POLICIES CLIMATIC CONDITIONS SAVINGS OIL CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT NATURAL CAPITAL TRANSPORT POPULATION GROWTH PRODUCTIVITY OPTIONS LABOR PRODUCTIVITY MIGRATION TRANSFERS MARKET LIBERALIZATION CRITERIA BARRIERS TO ENTRY DEBT MARKETS LOCAL GOVERNMENT DEPOSIT INSURANCE FORESTRY ECONOMIC POLICIES PUBLIC SERVICE PROVISION LABOR ENTERPRISES POLICY DECISIONS ECONOMIC SPECIALIZATION NATURAL RESOURCES SUBSIDIES LEGAL FRAMEWORK FINANCE EFFICIENCY INFRASTRUCTURE TAXES BANKING SECTOR LAND USE EFFECTIVE USE BANKS RESOURCES UNEMPLOYMENT ENERGY CONSUMPTION EQUITY PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH CONSUMPTION SOCIAL SAFETY NETS ECONOMIC IMPACT ACCOUNTABILITY CAPITAL WAGES CLIMATE CHANGE FINANCIAL STABILITY FINANCIAL POLICIES VALUES VALUE PENSIONS BANK CREDIT PURCHASING POWER PATENTS DEMAND SUSTAINABLE USE NATIONAL INCOME SUSTAINABLE GROWTH PUBLIC EXPENDITURES ECONOMIES OF SCOPE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE EXPENDITURES WORKING POOR PROPERTY LOGGING FISCAL YEAR ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE STREAMS ECONOMICS PUBLIC DEBT ENERGY EFFICIENCY GOVERNANCE INSURANCE BUSINESS CYCLES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT TRADE LAND DRINKING WATER RISK HEALTH PROBLEMS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION FARMS BANKING REVENUE NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTING PRIVATE CONSUMPTION PERSONAL SAVINGS RISK MANAGEMENT LIVING CONDITIONS BANKING SUPERVISION AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY ENVIRONMENTAL COST SAVINGS LABOR MARKETS GOVERNMENTS CIVIL SERVICE PUBLIC GOOD HEALTH SERVICES PRICES DEMOGRAPHICS PRODUCTION COSTS ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIES Report
年份:
2015
发布时间:
学科分类:
出版地:
Washington,USA
总页数:
语种:
English
信息来源:
摘要:
After years of strong performance in the run-up to the European Union (EU) accession, Bulgaria’s growth has slowed down and poverty remains the highest in the EU. Bulgaria achieved the highest recorded growth rates between 2000-08 on the back of exceptionally high capital inflows, structural reforms, sound fiscal management and the prospects of EU accession. Employment boomed and poverty fell steeply. Since 2008 – the year of global economic crisis – economic growth has been sluggish, poverty on the rise and income gains of the bottom 40 percent. Recently, labor markets and poverty have shown some signs of respite but new growth drivers and a sustained reform commitment will be needed for the current generation of Bulgarians to obtain EU living standards. This Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD) identifies three policy areas with the potential to transform the economy and achieve this objective: (1) strengthening the institutional and legal framework for good governance; (2) boosting the skills and employability5 of all Bulgarians; and (3) improving the effectiveness and efficiency of public spending. Drawing on an extensive body of previous and current work carried out by the Bank, as well as local and foreign experts, the SCD discusses drivers and constraints to growth and uses an asset-based framework to understand how micro and macro-economic forces shape the income profile and dynamics of the bottom 40 percent of the population.

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