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Sierra Leone's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective
英文名称:
作者:
Pushak, Nataliya
工作单位:
类型:
世界银行报告
来源地址:
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/27260
关键词:
ACCESS ROADS ACCESS TO ENERGY ACCESS TO SERVICES ACCESS TO WATER SUPPLY AIR AIR SAFETY AIR TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT AIRPORT AIRPORT ACCESSIBILITY AIRPORTS AIRWAYS ALLOCATING WATER RIGHTS AMOUNT OF POWER ARTERY AVAILABILITY BALANCE BANDWIDTH BIOMASS BOTTLENECKS BROADBAND CONNECTIVITY CABLE CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL INVESTMENTS CARGO CARGO HANDLING CARGO HANDLING CHARGE CARRIERS CARS CASH FLOW CHEAPER POWER CHILD MORTALITY CHILD MORTALITY RATES COLLECTION OF BILLS COMPETITIVE MARKETS CONCESSIONS COST OF POWER COST OF POWER PRODUCTION COST RECOVERY COST RECOVERY RATIO COSTS OF FUEL COSTS OF POWER CUBIC METER CUBIC METERS DEMAND FOR POWER DIESEL DIESEL GENERATORS DISCOUNT RATE DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS DRINKING WATER ECONOMIC CRISIS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE EFFICIENCY POTENTIAL ELECTRICAL POWER ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ELECTRICITY SECTOR ELECTRICITY TARIFFS ELECTRIFICATION END USERS EXTENSIVE REHABILITATION EXTERNAL FINANCING FERRIES FINANCIAL VIABILITY FISCAL POLICIES FIXED CHARGES FIXED WIRELESS FOREIGN INVESTMENT FUEL FUEL CHARGES FUEL CONSUMPTION FUEL COSTS FUEL PRICES GASOLINE GENERATING CAPACITY GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION COSTS GENERATORS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES HIGHWAY HOUSEHOLDS HYDRO PLANT HYDRO POWER HYDROELECTRIC POTENTIAL HYDROELECTRIC POWER HYDROPOWER HYDROPOWER GENERATION HYDROPOWER PLANT INCUMBENT OPERATOR INDEPENDENT POWER PRODUCERS INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INFRASTRUCTURES INLAND WATERWAYS INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL INVESTMENT COST INVESTMENT COSTS INVESTMENT TARGETS INVESTOR PROTECTION KILOWATT-HOUR LEVIES LICENSES LOCAL CAPACITY MAINTENANCE COSTS MARITIME TRANSPORT MARKET ACCESS MARKET CONCENTRATION MINERAL RESOURCES MONOPOLY SUPPLIER MORTALITY RATE MORTALITY RATES MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES O& AMP M OIL OIL FIRM OIL PRICES OIL RESERVES OPEN ACCESS OPERATIONAL COSTS OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE PASSENGERS PAYMENT OF BILLS PERFORMANCE DATA PETROLEUM POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH PORT CHARGES POWER POWER CABLES POWER COSTS POWER DEMAND POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER PRODUCTION POWER SECTOR POWER SHORTAGES POWER STATION POWER SYSTEMS PRICE ADJUSTMENTS PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PROVISION OF WATER PROVISION OF WATER SUPPLY PUBLIC PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC ROADS PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY PUBLIC UTILITIES RAIL RAILWAY REGIONAL TRANSIT REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROADS ROUTE RURAL ROADS SAFETY SANITARY FACILITIES SANITATION SANITATION COVERAGE SANITATION FACILITIES SANITATION STRATEGY SANITATION UTILITIES SAVINGS SERVICE DELIVERY SHARE OF REVENUES SPEEDS SURFACE SOURCES SURFACE WATER SUSTAINABLE SANITATION TAX TAXATION TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES THERMAL PLANTS THERMAL POWER TOWNS TRAFFIC LEVELS TRANSMISSION LINE TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT TRANSPORT AUTHORITY TRANSPORT INDICATORS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT USERS TRUCK PROCESSING UNDERGROUND URBAN AREAS URBAN ROAD URBAN ROADS URBAN SANITATION URBAN WATER UTILITY MANAGEMENT VEHICLES VOICE TELEPHONY VOLTAGE WATER COMPANY WATER CONSUMPTION WATER DISTRIBUTION WATER INFRASTRUCTURE WATER RESOURCES WATER SECTOR WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICES WATER USAGE WATER UTILITIES WEALTH WELLS Report
年份:
2011
发布时间:
学科分类:
出版地:
Washington,USA
总页数:
语种:
English
信息来源:
摘要:
Infrastructure has contributed significantly to the growth of West African economies during the past decade. In Sierra Leone, infrastructure added only around 0.51 percentage points to the per capita growth rate over 2003-07. Similarly to other countries in the region and the rest of the continent, the boost to historic growth came predominately from the ICT (Information and Telecommunications Technology) revolution while power-sector deficiencies and poor roads held back growth. After nine years of peace, economic activity is flourishing at every level in Sierra Leone. Political stability, high government accountability, good governance standards, and streamlined tax reform helped Sierra Leone to become a bright success story, turning the country into the easiest and quickest place to start business in West Africa. Sierra Leone's image in the eyes of investors is strengthened as the country ranked as one of the top five countries in Africa for investor protection. Looking ahead, the country faces a number of critical infrastructure challenges. Perhaps the most daunting of these challenges lies in the power sector, the poor state of which retards development of other sectors. Access to power is very low, at around 1 to 5 percent in urban areas, and is nonexistent in the countryside. The country's installed power-generation capacity is around 13 megawatts per million people, which is lower than what other low-income and fragile states have installed. The entire existing power infrastructure is concentrated in the western part of the country, and even with the functioning of the Bumbuna power plant, only half the suppressed demand for Freetown, let alone that for the rest of the country, is being met. Regardless of recent reduction in tariffs, Sierra Leoneans still pay some of the highest tariffs in Africa. In 2010, Sierra Leoneans paid three times as much for power as did residents of African countries that relied on hydropower. Making investments in more cost-effective power generation options is therefore an important strategic objective for Sierra Leone, without which further electrification will simply be unaffordable for the wider population.

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