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Improving Food Security in Arab Countries
英文名称:
作者:
World Bank
工作单位:
类型:
世界银行报告
来源地址:
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23966
关键词:
ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AGRICULTURAL LAND AGRICULTURAL PRICES AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURE ANIMAL FEED ARBITRAGE AUCTION AVERAGE RATES OF RETURN BREAD CALORIE INTAKE CASH TRANSFERS CEREAL IMPORTS CEREAL PRICE CEREAL PRICES CEREAL PRODUCTION CEREAL YIELD CEREALS CHEAPER FOOD CLEAN WATER CLIMATE CHANGE COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMMODITY EXPORTS COMMODITY PRICE COMMODITY PRICES CONSUMER CONSUMER DEMAND CONSUMER PRICE CONSUMER PRICE INDEX CONSUMER PRICES COOKING COST OF LIVING CROP PRODUCTION CROP YIELD CROPLAND CURRENCY DEBT DEMAND FOR FOOD DEMAND MANAGEMENT DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DROUGHT DROUGHTS ECONOMIC CRISIS ECONOMIC DOWNTURN ECONOMIC GROWTH EDUCATION PROGRAMS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ENERGY SUBSIDIES EXPENDITURES EXPOSURE EXTREME POVERTY FAMILY PLANNING FARM-GATE FARMERS FEEDING PROGRAMS FINANCIAL CRISIS FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS FISCAL DEFICITS FISCAL SURPLUSES FLOUR FOOD ACCESS FOOD AID FOOD AVAILABILITY FOOD COMMODITIES FOOD CONSUMPTION FOOD DEMAND FOOD DISTRIBUTION FOOD FOR WORK FOOD FORTIFICATION FOOD GRAINS FOOD IMPORTS FOOD INSECURITY FOOD MARKETS FOOD POLICY FOOD POLICY RESEARCH FOOD PREFERENCES FOOD PRICE FOOD PRICES FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY FOOD STAMPS FOOD STAPLES FOOD SUBSIDIES FOOD SUBSIDY FOOD SUBSIDY PROGRAMS FOOD SUPPLY FOODGRAINS FOODS FOREIGN CAPITAL FOREIGN EXCHANGE FOREIGN INVESTMENT FRAUD FUTURE PRICE FUTURES GLOBAL CLIMATE GLOBAL ECONOMY GLOBAL MARKET GOVERNMENT BUDGETS GRAINS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATE GROWTH RATES HEALTH INSURANCE HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY HUMAN CAPITAL IFPRI IMPACT ON POVERTY INADEQUATE FOOD INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INCOME INCOME GROWTH INCOME ON FOOD INCOMES INFLATION INFLATIONARY PRESSURE INPUT PRICES INSURANCE INTEREST RATES INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE INTERNATIONAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL PRICES INVESTING INVESTMENT OPTIONS IRRIGATION KIND OF INVESTMENT LAMB LIQUIDITY LOW INTEREST RATES MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MAIZE MALNUTRITION MARKET EXPECTATIONS MARKET PRICES MARKET PROJECTIONS MARKET VOLATILITY MARKETING MEAL MEANS TESTING MEAT MEDICAL CARE MONETARY POLICIES NATIONAL POVERTY NATIONAL POVERTY LINE NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCES NUTRITION NUTRITION INTERVENTIONS PAYMENT MECHANISMS PAYMENT SYSTEMS PENSIONS PETROLEUM PRICE PETROLEUM PRICES POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS POLITICAL RISKS POOR POOR COUNTRIES POOR FAMILIES POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PEOPLE POOR RURAL PEOPLE POTENTIAL INVESTMENTS POVERTY DATA POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION PRICE CONTROLS PRICE INCREASES PRICE RISK PRICE SUBSIDIES PRICE SUPPORTS PROBABILITY PRODUCER PRICES PRODUCTION OF WHEAT PURCHASING PURCHASING POWER RAPID EXPANSION REAL ASSETS RECESSION RETAIL RETAIL PRICE RETAIL PRICES RICE RISK MANAGEMENT RISK TOLERANCE RURAL RURAL AREAS RURAL COMMUNITIES RURAL FAMILIES RURAL LIVELIHOODS RURAL POOR RURAL POVERTY SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SANITATION SCHOOL FEEDING SECURITY CONCERNS SECURITY RISKS SELF-SUFFICIENCY SMART CARD SOCIAL ASSISTANCE SOCIAL FUND SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL SAFETY NETS STAPLE FOODS STOCKS STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT SUBSTITUTES SUBSTITUTION SUGAR SUGARCANE SUPPLY CHAIN SURPLUS SURPLUSES TARGETING TAX TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TRADE DEFICITS TRADITIONAL INVESTMENTS TRANSFER PROGRAMS UNEMPLOYMENT URBANIZATION VALUABLE VITAMINS WFP WHEAT WHEAT FLOUR WHOLESALERS WORLD FOOD PROGRAM WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME WORLD FOOD SUMMIT WORLD MARKETS Report
年份:
2009
发布时间:
学科分类:
出版地:
Washington,USA
总页数:
语种:
English
信息来源:
摘要:
This joint working paper lays out a rationale and strategic framework for improving food security and managing food-price shocks in the Arab countries. The paper does not provide country specific policy and project recommendations. Such recommendations will follow from the country by country application of the framework, taking into account each country's political and cultural preferences, resource endowments, and risk tolerance. In 2007 and the first half of 2008, a sharp rise in agricultural commodity and food prices triggered grave concerns about food security, malnutrition and increased poverty throughout the world. While the threat of a prolonged food-price shock receded with falling energy and commodity prices and a weakening global economy in the second half of 2008, many factors underlying the volatility in food prices appear here to stay and will require careful management if the world is to avoid future food-price shocks. This paper suggests three critical strategies that, together, can serve as pillars to help offset future vulnerability to price shocks: a) strengthen safety nets, provide people with better access to family planning services, and promote education; b) enhance the food supply provided by domestic agriculture and improve rural livelihoods by addressing lagging productivity growth through increased investment in research and development; and c) reduce exposure to market volatility by improving supply chain efficiency and by more effectively using financial instruments to hedge risk.

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